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Set language for all existing English blockquotes

master
David Larlet vor 2 Jahren
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59 geänderte Dateien mit 160 neuen und 107 gelöschten Zeilen
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@@ -60,7 +60,8 @@
</blockquote>
<h2 id="arborescence">Arborescence <a href="#arborescence" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><p>Après réflexion, je ne vais plus distinguer <code>stream</code> et <code>blog</code>, notamment dans l’URL. La distinction se fera dorénavant en fonction de l’année.</p>
<p>La source du présent article est une suite d’inclusions que vous pouvez <a href="https://git.larlet.fr/davidbgk/larlet-fr-david/src/branch/master/david/2020/01-03.md">retrouver ici</a>.</p>
<h2 id="pieces-of-content">Pieces of content <a href="#pieces-of-content" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="pieces-of-content">Pieces of content <a href="#pieces-of-content" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>When I’ve used static site generators in the past ten years, there were a few pain points like lacking documentation and strange and incompatible conventions. But the nail in the coffin was always that it’s either impossible or way too hard to <strong>build a single page from several pieces of content</strong>.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://fvsch.com/static-site-generators/">About static site generators</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/ff864f1890f6eb967b3f9645554708e0/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>

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<h2 id="page-blanche">Page blanche <a href="#page-blanche" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><p>Il y a un plaisir certain à repartir d’une page blanche. Je remarque que j’ai souvent envie d’une nouvelle façon d’agencer mes idées sur cet espace en début d’année. Probablement forcé par le besoin car il faut de toute façon adapter l’outil de l’année précédente. Parfois, cela se solde aussi par un nouveau « design » lorsque j’atteins mon propre <a href="https://omarabid.com/the-modern-web">point de rupture</a> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/685842ac9d1a3206af33dbd51d08cbf0/">cache</a>).</p>
<p><em>Ce qui me fait penser qu’il faudra que je parle de saisonnalité à un moment.</em></p>
<p>J’avais commencé à me rapprocher d’un rendu proche de <a href="https://commonmark.org/">CommonMark</a> sur mon <a href="http://larlet.com/">profil pro</a> et je m’y suis finalement attaché au point de vouloir le décliner ici. J’apprécie ce côté relativement minimaliste qui se rapproche de l’expérience d’écriture que j’ai. Un grand merci à <a href="https://fvsch.com/">Florens</a> pour <a href="https://fvsch.github.io/remarkdown/">remarkdown</a> dont la documentation est remarkable :-).</p>
<h2 id="writing">Writing &gt; * <a href="#writing" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="writing">Writing &gt; * <a href="#writing" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Writing solidifies, chat dissolves. Substantial decisions start and end with an exchange of complete thoughts, not one-line-at-a-time jousts. If it's important, critical, or fundamental, write it up, don't chat it down.</p>
<p>[…]</p>
<p>Five people in a room for an hour isn't a one hour meeting, it's a five hour meeting. Be mindful of the tradeoffs.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://basecamp.com/guides/how-we-communicate">Guide to Internal Communication, the Basecamp Way</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/322e7a8997c732a5fdca0baaea7b9ede/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>De l’importance de l’écriture dans une organisation. Une culture asynchrone et distribuée ne peut pas passer par l’oralité uniquement. Les personnes localisées au même endroit ont du mal à se rendre compte de ce problème. À part peut-être lors du départ d’un·e collègue, ce qui est déjà trop tard.</p>
<blockquote>

<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Speaking only helps who’s in the room, writing helps everyone. This includes people who's couldn't make it, or future employees who join years from now.</p>
<p><cite><em>Ibid.</em></cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>J’accorde de plus en plus d’importance aux traces écrites qui accompagnent la vie d’un produit. Peut-être depuis que j’ai <a href="/david/blog/2013/utilite-code/">pris conscience</a> du fait que <cite>Je produis du jetable qui peut accidentellement durer longtemps</cite>.</p>
<p>Ce qu’il en reste : l’expérience vécue et l’histoire que l’on a pu écrire ensemble le long du chemin. On en revient à <a href="/david/stream/2019/12/10/">l’importance d’un journal</a> pour consigner ces épisodes de vie.</p>
<h2 id="rss-readers">RSS readers <a href="#rss-readers" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="rss-readers">RSS readers <a href="#rss-readers" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>I think it would be reasonable to guess that the number of people who use an RSS reader is probably greater than a million, and could be several million people.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://inessential.com/2020/01/03/estimating_netnewswire_for_ios_demand">Estimating NetNewsWire for iOS Demand</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/ceecad22409cbd161b85bf5f18b09413/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>En tant que personne produisant un <a href="/david/blog/2019/flux-rss/">flux RSS</a>, cela me réjouis. En tant que personne motivée par un Web acentré, cela me réjouis. En tant que lecteur, cela me réjouis.</p>
<p>Si vous produisez du contenu sur une plateforme ne produisant pas de RSS, cela m’attriste. Peut-être est-ce même la définition d’une plateforme…</p>
<h2 id="meditation">Meditation <a href="#meditation" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="meditation">Meditation <a href="#meditation" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Meditation teaches humility and patience, because you must constantly confront that most disappointing person: yourself.</p>
<p>[…]</p>
<p>Of those who practice meditation, some give up, because trying to still the mind is futile and absurd. Others continue meditating, because trying to still the mind is futile and absurd, but they have a taste for absurdity.</p>

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<hr>

<p><em>Quelques liens et réflexions liés à un arbre des possibles.</em></p>
<h2 id="topia">Topia <a href="#topia" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="topia">Topia <a href="#topia" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>It’s true that we’re not going to get utopia. The planet has already warmed by one degree Celsius. Most of the coral reefs are going to die, and many of the glaciers will melt. Climate change is here, leaving grubby human fingerprints on parched, burned, flooded and melted landscapes. But we don’t have to settle for dystopia. It’s going to be worse, but it doesn’t have to be bleak. We can have a “topia,” an ordinary future where we go about ordinary lives in cities on stilts, missing what we’ve lost but looking forward to better things. There is light in the future that doesn’t come from burning.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/hot-planet/thinking-about-climate-on-a-dark-dismal-morning/">Thinking about Climate on a Dark, Dismal Morning</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/c1c53ee2ef8544ad798629bf8a3b7249/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Tout dépend de ce que l’on considère avoir perdu. Plus on est privilégié et plus cette <em>topia</em> sera difficile à vivre. Ce qui serait peut-être plus juste ?</p>
<p>Je lisais aussi un article sur le triptyque guerres-famines-épidémies qui nous pend au nez avec la raréfaction de l’énergie. Cela commencera probablement par toucher les plus pauvres.</p>
<p>Un peu moins juste.</p>
<h2 id="depression">Dépression <a href="#depression" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="depression">Dépression <a href="#depression" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>depression has a set of causes and a concrete context that transcend any diagnostic manual, as well as the neoliberal ideology of focusing on subjects, not structures; personal responsibilities, not collective ones; chemistry, not capital.</p>
<p>[…]</p>
<p>Maybe a good place to start, then, with regards to the politics of depression, is to collectivize suffering, externalize blame, communize care. At this point, the question of responsibility returns in all its force. The neoliberal responsibilization of the depressed subject must be rejected, and, also, replaced by an idea of collective responsibility.</p>
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<blockquote>
<p>Ce n’est pas un signe de bonne santé que d’être bien adapté à une société profondément malade.</p>
</blockquote>
<h2 id="rich-will-win">Rich will win <a href="#rich-will-win" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="rich-will-win">Rich will win <a href="#rich-will-win" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Most of the time, when a system is truly open, it’s open to being taken over by the powerful and the rich. The rest of us will never have the resources to protect the commons so any time the playing field is even, the rich will win.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://www.baldurbjarnason.com/past-present-future-web/">Thinking about the past, present, and future of web development</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/17aa5580eb34f39f214e4a72458c535e/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Cela alimente ma réflexion sur les communs et l’open-source. J’associe souvent les communs à une licence MIT (c’est peut-être une fausse idée), est-ce qu’il serait préférable de les envisager sous une licence proche de la <a href="https://wiki.p2pfoundation.net/Peer_Production_License">Peer Production License</a> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/e0011ef1600cc4b439d215cfea7bef17/">cache</a>) ?</p>
<p>Et de relire le travail de <a href="http://maiadereva.net/">Maïa</a> sur la <a href="https://contributivecommons.org/la-licence-contributive-commons/">Licence Contributive Commons</a> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/abb215ff6b7cb9c876db622d42385aca/">cache</a>) et ce que j’en disais <a href="/david/blog/2016/code-social/">à l’époque</a>. Cette production mérite vraiment d’être mise en avant, je me demande si elle a été testée depuis ? Sachant que j’ai toujours des questionnements sur <a href="/david/stream/2019/07/23/">la réciprocité et la dissolution</a>.</p>
<h2 id="maximalist-assemblage">Maximalist assemblage <a href="#maximalist-assemblage" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="maximalist-assemblage">Maximalist assemblage <a href="#maximalist-assemblage" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Similarly, we might be able to hold the iPhone in our hands, but we should also be aware that the network of its consequences is vast: server farms absorbing massive amounts of electricity, Chinese factories where workers die by suicide, devastated mud pit mines that produce tin. It is easy to feel like a minimalist when you can order food, summon a car or rent a room using a single brick of steel and silicon. But in reality, it is the opposite. We are taking advantage of a maximalist assemblage. Just because something looks simple does not mean it is; the aesthetics of simplicity cloak artifice, or even unsustainable excess.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2020/jan/03/empty-promises-marie-kondo-craze-for-minimalism">The empty promises of Marie Kondo and the craze for minimalism</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/73a689d4932b2952affd040014e9b85b/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>

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<p>Je découvre la question <a href="https://nrkn.fr/blog/2020/01/19/fragments-9/">via Pep</a> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/7cdc8defab9f52baa06e657ffa9db057/">cache</a>) et c’est ce que j’ai commencé à mettre en place pour cette année avec les <a href="/david/2020/12/21/">livres</a> et <a href="/david/2020/12/15/">vidéos</a> qui alimentent ma pensée.</p>
<p>Ce qu’il me manquerait à ce stade ce sont les références croisées pour voir toutes les citations que j’ai utilisé pour un ouvrage depuis la page recensant l’ensemble des lectures par exemple. Et <a href="https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/ZTeqM5gciH8">vice et versa</a>.</p>
<p>C’est en cours de réflexion. Toujours intéressé par cette notion de lien bi-directionnel sur le Web. Notamment sur un même espace. Une balise HTML dédiée pour ce genre de relations ?</p>
<h2 id="python-3">Python 3 <a href="#python-3" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="python-3">Python 3 <a href="#python-3" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Python 3.0 was released on December 3, 2008. And it took the better part of a decade for the community to embrace it. <strong>This should be universally recognized as a failure.</strong> While hindsight is 20/20, many of the issues with Python 3 were obvious at the time and could have been mitigated had the language maintainers been more accommodating - and dare I say empathetic - to its users.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://gregoryszorc.com/blog/2020/01/13/mercurial%27s-journey-to-and-reflections-on-python-3/">Mercurial’s Journey to and Reflections on Python 3</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/67c8c54b07137bcfc0069fccd8261b53/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>

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@@ -91,7 +91,8 @@ Dormir nonchalamment à l’ombre de ses seins,<br />
Comme un hameau paisible au pied d’une montagne.</p>
</blockquote>
<p>Je suis presque déçu qu’une telle beauté ne puisse être le fruit d’une réflexion une nuit froide face à un lac gelé dans un refuge perdu au fin fond du Canada. Lyrisme quand tu nous tiens.</p>
<h2 id="structureless">Structureless <a href="#structureless" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="structureless">Structureless <a href="#structureless" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Contrary to what we would like to believe, there is no such thing as a structureless group. Any group of people of whatever nature that comes together for any length of time for any purpose will inevitably structure itself in some fashion. The structure may be flexible; it may vary over time; it may evenly or unevenly distribute tasks, power and resources over the members of the group. But it will be formed regardless of the abilities, personalities, or intentions of the people involved.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://www.jofreeman.com/joreen/tyranny.htm">The Tyranny of Stuctureless</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/542585b2d85213911f91b498a643e010/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>

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<h2 id="proposer">Proposer <a href="#proposer" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><p>Envie de proposer des outils techniques pour personnes pas forcément techniques. De petites briques simples qui facilitent la vie, en étant à l’écoute des utilisateur·ice·s. Probablement avec une touche de pérennité. Je me demande dans quelle mesure cela pourrait être et rester à coût marginal une fois le don (initial ?) de développement effectué. J’ai de plus en plus de craintes sur le fait que ce soit encore <a href="https://www.laquadrature.net/2020/01/22/coup-detat-sur-la-loi-haine/">légalement possible</a> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/31d18361d64bd5e98d4199f2f40d2a4d/">cache</a>).</p>
<p>À force de raconter ma vie ici, j’ai bien envie de proposer d’aider à compiler des récits communs. J’ai commencé à le faire et je compte bien continuer. Encore une fois, rien de bien précis, j’aimerais que cela se définisse au cours des expériences.</p>
<p><em>Car là réside la valeur, lorsqu’on fait des choses ensemble.</em></p>
<h2 id="power-imbalance">Power imbalance <a href="#power-imbalance" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="power-imbalance">Power imbalance <a href="#power-imbalance" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>The first step to tackle this is for the person on the upward side of the power dynamic to acknowledge and admit to themselves their position. Only then can you honestly reflect on interactions you have with your pairing partner, and how power dynamics impact them. Try to think about your own positionality and situatedness. What can you actively do to neutralize power imbalance?</p>
<p>Recognizing these types of differences and adapting our behaviour to improve collaboration can be hard. It requires a lot of self reflection.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://martinfowler.com/articles/on-pair-programming.html">On Pair Programming</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/bfce8545a2d7c8d51d3af19f61208134/">cache</a>)</cite></p>

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<hr>

<p><em>(Savoir) vivre dans un panoptique numérique.</em></p>
<h2 id="make-them-dance">Make them dance <a href="#make-them-dance" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="make-them-dance">Make them dance <a href="#make-them-dance" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Unequal knowledge about us produces unequal power over us, and so epistemic inequality widens to include the distance between what we can do and what can be done to us. Data scientists describe this as the shift from monitoring to actuation, in which a critical mass of knowledge about a machine system enables the remote control of that system. Now people have become targets for remote control, as surveillance capitalists discovered that the most predictive data come from intervening in behavior to tune, herd and modify action in the direction of commercial objectives. This third imperative, “economies of action,” has become an arena of intense experimentation. “We are learning how to write the music,” one scientist said, “and then we let the music make them dance.”</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/24/opinion/sunday/surveillance-capitalism.html">You Are Now Remotely Controlled</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/f45cdbe527b4c4acead78cef9e4d533f/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Le plus triste est peut-être d’avoir réussi à compiler tous ces liens sur les <abbr title="Google Apple Facebook Amazon Microsoft et compagnie">GAFAM+</abbr> en moins d’un mois. Et je ne parle même pas des failles de sécurité qui sont toutes plus cocasses <a href="https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/dygy8k/researchers-find-anonymized-data-is-even-less-anonymous-than-we-thought">les unes</a> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/efc69100e48d4016a6e167797da7ee13/">cache</a>) que <a href="https://mashable.com/article/google-photos-videos-glitch/">les autres</a> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/3146f1a5743de3217adc3bc854897aaf/">cache</a>).</p>
<h2 id="evil">Evil <a href="#evil" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="evil">Evil <a href="#evil" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>The tech industry doesn’t intoxicate us like it did just a few years ago. Keeping up with its problems—and its fixes, and its fixes that cause new problems—is dizzying. Separating out the meaningful threats from the noise is hard. Is Facebook really the danger to democracy it looks like? Is Uber really worse than the system it replaced? Isn’t Amazon’s same-day delivery worth it? Which harms are real and which are hypothetical? Has the techlash gotten it right? And which of these companies is really the worst? Which ones might be, well, evil?</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://slate.com/technology/2020/01/evil-list-tech-companies-dangerous-amazon-facebook-google-palantir.html">Which tech companies are doing the most harm?</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/566b71b4e3a0217d7a224f71aa255a35/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>On en est là : essayer de savoir qui est pire que l’autre. Et l’on appelle encore cela des services. C’est assez fou quand on y pense. C’est aussi ce à quoi cette industrie est très bonne : nous occuper de façon à ne pas trop penser.</p>
<p>J’ai envie de travailler sur des produits qui nous aident à panser les maux des inégalités. J’ai le sentiment que cela ne pourra passer que par plus d’autonomie et de décentralisation. J’ai la conviction qu’<a href="/david/stream/2018/11/27/">une seule génération</a> suffit.</p>
<h2 id="mood">Mood <a href="#mood" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="mood">Mood <a href="#mood" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>But a more careful look into Spotify’s history shows that the decision to define audiences by their moods was part of a strategic push to grow Spotify’s advertising business in the years leading up to its IPO—and today, Spotify’s enormous access to mood-based data is a pillar of its value to brands and advertisers, allowing them to target ads on Spotify by moods and emotions. Further, since 2016, Spotify has shared this mood data directly with the world’s biggest marketing and advertising firms.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://thebaffler.com/downstream/big-mood-machine-pelly">Big Mood Machine</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/5ddeb776b27bade5f581d66e40de4c6c/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Donne moi ton historique d’écoute et je te dirais le traitement dont tu as besoin pour te sentir mieux ; ou je t’enlèverai la possibilité de bénéficier d’une assurance. J’imagine une société où tu laisserais tourner en fond une liste de lecture douce, bienveillante et motivante pour montrer ta conformité et ton bonheur.</p>
<p>Le seul terme de <em>streaming surveillance</em> me fait frissonner. Et cela ne se limite pas à la musique, c’est probablement encore pire avec la vidéo. <a href="https://www.numerama.com/business/599695-un-francais-sur-dix-paie-un-abonnement-a-netflix.html">Oups</a> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/f7f37a2f04e53d5fef5189fbd172f5b7/">cache</a>).</p>
<h2 id="normalized">Normalized <a href="#normalized" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
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<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Luckily as the year comes to a close, the music streaming platform Spotify provides its users with a tantalizing (and ready to share) glimpse of their listening habits. It’s fun! It’s shareable! And it’s a troubling reminder that being “fun” and “shareable” is one of the primary ways by which rampant surveillance becomes normalized.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://librarianshipwreck.wordpress.com/2019/12/06/who-listens-to-the-listeners/">Who Listens to the Listeners?</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/662f4136a25b828f662a6e822d85575d/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Pratique que je dénonçais <a href="/david/blog/2016/cultural-intimacy/">il y a déjà quatre ans</a>. Nos <strong>voisins numériques</strong> sont extrêmement nombreux, il ne s’agit plus des individus physiquement suffisamment proches pour vous écouter. Il y a les personnes qui sont directement sur le réseau, les personnes qui sont au niveau du service en lui-même, les personnes avec lesquelles ces données sont partagées à des fins de recherche, les personnes qui sont en charge des services de sauvegarde, les personnes à qui ces données sont vendues. Sans compter les personnes qui ont réussi à récupérer ces données depuis les machines des personnes du premier niveau. Si vous deviez les visualiser vous seriez au stade de France au moment d’appuyer sur <em>Play</em> !</p>
<p>Lorsque vous lancez une lecture sur Spotify/Youtube/Etc, il y a potentiellement des milliers de personnes qui savent dans quel état d’esprit est-ce que vous êtes à ce moment précis, à quel moment vous faites une pause, quels enchaînements vous semblent pertinents. Est-ce que vous êtes à l’aise avec ça ?</p>
<h2 id="open-book">Open book <a href="#open-book" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
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<blockquote lang="en">
<p>The data reviewed by Times Opinion didn’t come from a telecom or giant tech company, nor did it come from a governmental surveillance operation. It originated from a location data company, one of dozens quietly collecting precise movements using software slipped onto mobile phone apps. You’ve probably never heard of most of the companies — and yet to anyone who has access to this data, your life is an open book. They can see the places you go every moment of the day, whom you meet with or spend the night with, where you pray, whether you visit a methadone clinic, a psychiatrist’s office or a massage parlor.
<cite><em><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/12/19/opinion/location-tracking-cell-phone.html">Twelve Million Phones, One Dataset, Zero Privacy</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/2390380d879c04ee56baf320b6f7e681/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
@@ -82,14 +87,16 @@ Il n’a pas fallu attendre le « Temps d’écran » d’Apple pour réaliser
</blockquote>
<p>Il serait peut être temps de revenir à un <em>dumbphone</em>, d’autant <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-apple-fbi-icloud-exclusive-idUSKBN1ZK1CT">qu’Apple a fini par plier aussi</a> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/5abb317f078fc9f585712bfa3f772504/">cache</a>). Encore une fois se marginaliser pour garder un semblant de consistance.</p>
<p>Je comprends de plus en plus ceux qui arrêtent tout pour faire <a href="http://yohanboniface.me/">du pain</a> ou <a href="https://blog.notmyidea.org/">de la bière</a>…</p>
<h2 id="cars">Cars <a href="#cars" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="cars">Cars <a href="#cars" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>On a recent drive, a 2017 Chevrolet collected my precise location. It stored my phone’s ID and the people I called. It judged my acceleration and braking style, beaming back reports to its maker General Motors over an always-on Internet connection.</p>
<p>Cars have become the most sophisticated computers many of us own, filled with hundreds of sensors. Even older models know an awful lot about you. Many copy over personal data as soon as you plug in a smartphone.</p>
<p>But for the thousands you spend to buy a car, the data it produces doesn’t belong to you.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2019/12/17/what-does-your-car-know-about-you-we-hacked-chevy-find-out/">Driving surveillance: What does your car know about you? We hacked a 2017 Chevy to find out.</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/77c968588b2e605d5b3050c45af53603/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Je sais que je ne pourrais probablement plus acheter de voiture récente non plus. Ce qui n’est pas plus mal. J’ose à peine imaginer la quantité d’informations stockée dans une voiture de location. Il faut que je fasse plus attention à cela.</p>
<blockquote>

<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Automakers haven’t had a data reckoning yet, but they’re due for one. GM ran an experiment in which it tracked the radio music tastes of 90,000 volunteer drivers to look for patterns with where they traveled. According to the Detroit Free Press, GM told marketers that the data might help them persuade a country music fan who normally stopped at Tim Horton’s to go to McDonald’s instead.</p>
<p><cite><em>Ibid.</em></cite></p>
</blockquote>
@@ -101,22 +108,26 @@ Il n’a pas fallu attendre le « Temps d’écran » d’Apple pour réaliser
<figcaption><strong>PAS</strong> Merci Sonos pour ce bel exemple d’obsolescence programmée.</figcaption>
</figure>
<p>Lorsque Sonos s’est mis à faire des enceintes connectées, je me suis empressé d’acheter les derniers modèles qui n’envoient pas un enregistrement continu de mon environnement (du moins je ne peux que l’espérer). Rétrospectivement, <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-50948868">c’était une erreur</a> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/cbef115a80c646c9eddc61ac077a6891/">cache</a>) et j’aurais dû m’en tenir à des enceintes <em>low-tech</em> qui ne sont pas des ordinateurs à part entière.</p>
<h2 id="ban-technology">Ban technology <a href="#ban-technology" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
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<blockquote lang="en">
<p>“I’ve come to the conclusion that because information constantly increases, there’s never going to be privacy,” Mr. Scalzo said. “Laws have to determine what’s legal, but you can’t ban technology. Sure, that might lead to a dystopian future or something, but you can’t ban it.”</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/18/technology/clearview-privacy-facial-recognition.html">The Secretive Company That Might End Privacy as We Know It</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/1d190443e06aa99b44dd2a4d55b1b58e/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Vous avez bien joué avec toutes ces apps qui vous rendent plus jeune/vieux/ridicule/whatever ? Et bien ces images sont maintenant utilisées pour vous reconnaitre avec précision. Vous n’avez peut-être rien à cacher mais vous avez quand même mis en danger celles et ceux qui ont justement quelque chose à cacher, c’est la base de l’intelligence « artificielle » : avoir un jeux de données suffisamment large pour apprendre avec pertinence.</p>
<blockquote>

<blockquote lang="en">
<p>The reality for the foreseeable future is that the people who control and deploy facial recognition technology at any consequential scale will predominantly be our oppressors. Why should we desire our faces to be legible for efficient automated processing by systems of their design?</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://digitaltalkingdrum.com/2017/08/15/against-black-inclusion-in-facial-recognition/">Against Black Inclusion in Facial Recognition</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/cf5eab15b9590499ccb6d989f50fe5e3/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Les exemples ne manquent pas, <a href="http://bostonreview.net/science-nature-politics/annette-zimmermann-elena-di-rosa-hochan-kim-technology-cant-fix-algorithmic">on en vient même à parler</a> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/d562b547dc4833f0eb84a67ec2a8465d/">cache</a>) d’<em>algorithmic fairness</em>. C’est dire à quel point on est actuellement bien biaisés.</p>
<blockquote>

<blockquote lang="en">
<p>The New York Daily News reported on Wednesday that a staffing agency hired by Google had sent its contractors to numerous American cities to target black people for facial scans. One unnamed former worker told the newspaper that in Atlanta, the effort included finding those who were homeless because they were less likely to speak to the media.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/04/technology/google-facial-recognition-atlanta-homeless.html">Atlanta Asks Google Whether It Targeted Black Homeless People</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/384b330b3de6f4f2bac8c81f0f04c404/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Les paumes-de-mains-sur-le-visage ne manquent pas non plus. Pour des articles en français, je vous recommande la section <a href="http://www.internetactu.net/tag/reconnaissance-faciale/">reconnaissance faciale</a> alimentée par Hubert Guillaud.</p>
<h2 id="endlessness">Endlessness <a href="#endlessness" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="endlessness">Endlessness <a href="#endlessness" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>On the demand side, too, TikTok achieves endlessness. It is endless horizontally, each video an infinitely looping GIF, and it is endless vertically, the videos stacked up in an infinite scroll. There is no exit from TikTok’s cinema. One college student I know, having recently downloaded the app, told me that she now finds herself watching TikToks until her iPhone battery dies. She can’t pull her eyes away from the screen, but she is still able to withstand the temptation to recharge her phone while the app’s running. Electrical failure is the last defense against infinite media.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="http://www.roughtype.com/?p=8677">TikTok and the coming of infinite media</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/58add7873e65625beba4c859d40a278b/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
@@ -160,7 +171,8 @@ On croyait la main du marché invisible, c’est en fait une œillère bien opaq
<p><em>Hyperconfort, incompétence ou inculture ?</em></p>
<hr />
<p>Parenthèse : je me demande parfois si des lecteur·ice·s préfèrent cliquer sur les liens en cache sur cet espace pour bénéficier d’une autre expérience de lecture (rapidité, vie privée et contenu lisible). Votre retour m’intéresse à ce sujet.</p>
<h2 id="surprise">Surprise <a href="#surprise" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="surprise">Surprise <a href="#surprise" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>What hasn’t been clear until recently is how Google is using the Chrome web browser to track individuals, even when ad blocking and in-built tracking prevention is enabled.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://www.magiclasso.co/insights/hey-google/">“Hey Google, stop tracking me”</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/9a3fecdca72af16f1403b9e77b6e8e04/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>

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<p><cite><em><a href="/david/2020/12/21/#la-nature-est-un-champ-de-bataille">La nature est un champ de bataille</a></em>, Razmig Keucheyan</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Après avoir dépeint un <a href="/david/2020/02/07/">univers numérique</a> relativement triste, j’aimerais rappeler que des technologies sont porteuses d’espoirs. Le choix dépend de nous, de nos usages, de ce que l’on promeut à nos proches, des possibilités que l’on est capable de montrer.</p>
<h2 id="neutral-data">Neutral data <a href="#neutral-data" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="neutral-data">Neutral data <a href="#neutral-data" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>“‘The map is not the territory ... but another version of reality,’ Wreckert said, quoting semanticist Alfred Korzybski, one of William S. Burroughs’ biggest influences. “<mark>Data is always translated to what they might be presented.</mark> The images, lists, graphs, and maps that represent those data are all interpretations, and there is no such thing as neutral data. Data is always collected for a specific purpose, by a combination of people, technology, money, commerce, and government.”</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/9393w7/this-man-created-traffic-jams-on-google-maps-using-a-red-wagon-full-of-phones">How to Fake a Traffic Jam on Google Maps</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/42b02cc81a7fface539dfb3397f0a464/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
@@ -95,7 +96,8 @@ Ensuite je survole régulièrement et je marque &quot;comme lu&quot; (sans les l
<p>J’utilise mais probablement mal. Principalement probablement par méconnaissance des outils. Je ne trouve pas notamment de clients qui me satisfasse pleinement que ce soit sur Debian ou Android. Mais j’utilise de plus en plus oui !</p>
</blockquote>
<p>Merci pour toutes ces réponses, ça me donne du grain à moudre pour un <em>vaporware</em> qui a au moins 15 ans.</p>
<h2 id="confuse-trackers">Confuse trackers <a href="#confuse-trackers" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
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<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Each time she refreshed the Explore tab, it was a completely different topic, none of which she was interested in. That’s because Mosley wasn’t the only person using this account -- it belonged to a group of her friends, at least five of whom could be on at any given time. <mark>Maybe they couldn’t hide their data footprints, but they could at least leave hundreds behind to confuse trackers.</mark></p>
<p>These teenagers are relying on a sophisticated network of trusted Instagram users to post content from multiple different devices, from multiple different locations.</p>
<p>If you wanted to confuse Instagram, here’s how.</p>

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</blockquote>
<p>Cette distinction me parle, notamment car je me trouve actuellement dans une position où j’essaye de <a href="https://www.rtl.fr/actu/politique/reforme-des-retraites-comment-sont-traites-les-milliers-d-amendements-deposes-7800107173">régler des problèmes techniques</a> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/2857bcda24e61cd80229ec230ee3d2b1/">cache</a>) pour des fonctionnaires au service d’un gouvernement qui est loin de vouloir <cite>éliminer la domination de l’humain sur l’humain</cite>, bien au contraire…</p>
<p>Vouloir protéger les faibles en aidant — à l’insu de mon plein gré — les forts, ça fait pas très Robin des bois.</p>
<h2 id="webmasters">Webmasters <a href="#webmasters" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="webmasters">Webmasters <a href="#webmasters" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>For better or worse, I am a document lover. All of my best intentions to try new digital tools eventually devolve to their most stable ur-forms of text files and spreadsheets. I think back to what hooked me on the web in 1996—our expectations are so often defined by our first loves. The primitive parts of me will always want websites to be editable documents with legible, marked up text on servers. <mark>I began making websites when mastery seemed so possible that people called themselves “webmasters.”</mark> Those expectations are laughable now.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://frankchimero.com/blog/2020/wants-and-needs/">Redesign: Wants and Needs</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/3006691afcf79e8a0fa83b2f0f64e91a/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Un entretien récent me faisait prendre conscience du fait que j’aligne des balises <abbr title="HyperText Markup Language">HTML</abbr> depuis deux décennies. J’ai l’impression d’être passé du statut de <em>webmaster</em> à celui de <em>webservant</em> : ne plus maîtriser mais essayer de faire le moins de dégâts possible en publiant des pages. Avec j’espère moins d’arrogance, moins de choses à <em>me</em> prouver.</p>
<p>Une documentation personnelle et sans prétention mais partagée qui pourrait parfois servir à d’autres.</p>
<h2 id="hire-good-writers">Hire good writers <a href="#hire-good-writers" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="hire-good-writers">Hire good writers <a href="#hire-good-writers" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>If you are trying to decide between a few people to fill a position, always hire the better writer. It doesn’t matter if that person is a designer, programmer, marketer, salesperson, or whatever, the writing skills will pay off. Effective, concise writing and editing leads to effective, concise code, design, emails, instant messages, and more.</p>
<p><mark>That’s because being a good writer is about more than words.</mark> Good writers know how to communicate. They make things easy to understand. They can put themselves in someone else’s shoes. They know what to omit. They think clearly. And those are the qualities you need.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://basecamp.com/gettingreal/08.6-wordsmiths">Wordsmiths | Getting Real</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/82e58e715a4ddb17b2f9e2a023005b1a/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>C’est assez vertigineux de se considérer comme étant un auteur. Je ne crois pas avoir ce sentiment. Je publie à voix haute des embryons d’idées tout au plus. Mais peut-être que c’est déjà beaucoup. En tout cas, si je n’étais plus en capacité de le faire, je me sentirais probablement frustré au point de vouloir le faire <em>via</em> un autre support.</p>
<p><em>C’est peut-être cela « être auteur » finalement ?</em></p>
<h2 id="unlocking-the-commons">Unlocking the commons <a href="#unlocking-the-commons" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="unlocking-the-commons">Unlocking the commons <a href="#unlocking-the-commons" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>I call this “unlocking the commons,” and it’s the same approach I’ve taken with my Patreon and newsletter. Fans support the person and the work. But it’s not a transaction, a fee for service. <mark>It’s a contribution that benefits everyone.</mark> Free-riders aren’t just welcome; free-riding is the <em>point</em>. This, I think, is key to understanding the psychology of patronage. […]</p>
<p>This is one of the weird things about patronage. As a consumer, your first thought is to your own benefit. As a patron, it’s to the good of your beneficiary. Likewise, as an artisan supported by patronage, you tend to think more about what’s best for your patrons and audience than you do yourself. […]</p>
<p>The most powerful and interesting media model will remain raising money from members who don’t just permit but <em>insist</em> that the product be given away for free. <mark>The value comes not just what they’re buying, but who they’re buying it from and who gets to enjoy it.</mark></p>

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<p>Je vous divulgâche le résultat tout de suite : je me sens plus apaisé sur ce plan là. La présence de <a href="https://ronan.amicel.net/">Ronan</a> dans mon <a href="/david/blog/2019/faire-equipe/">équipe actuelle</a> n’est pas étrangère à ce sentiment mais le choix des technologies employées me donne <em>aussi</em> un sentiment de contrôle salutaire.</p>
<hr />
<p>En guise d’introduction aussi, j’ai conscience d’être dans un <a href="http://scopyleft.fr/">environnement</a> <a href="https://beta.gouv.fr/">extrêmement</a> <a href="http://larlet.com/">privilégié</a> me permettant d’avoir la liberté suffisante pour être en capacité de faire ces choix. C’est loin d’être anodin dans l’exploration qui suit.</p>
<h2 id="le-probleme">Le problème <a href="#le-probleme" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="le-probleme">Le problème <a href="#le-probleme" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Eventually, I settled on a list of questions I would ask myself for each problem as it arose. I found that asking these questions, in order, helped me make the best decision possible:</p>
<ol>
<li>Is this really a problem?</li>
@@ -66,14 +67,16 @@
<p>En contrepartie, elles permettent d’économiser sur le long terme en réduisant la maintenance, le périmètre de support et l’exploitation du produit. En se focalisant sur la pertinence, on conserve une application à échelle humaine. Autant dans l’usage que dans la conception.</p>
<hr />
<p>Mon contentement est grand lorsque je suis surpris par la résilience du code auquel je contribue. J’ai soudain l’impression d’avoir pas trop mal fait les choses. C’est assez rare pour être célébré comme il se doit.</p>
<h2 id="javascript">JavaScript <a href="#javascript" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="javascript">JavaScript <a href="#javascript" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>The performance tradeoff isn’t about <em>where</em> the bottleneck is. It’s about <em>who</em> has to carry the burden. It’s one thing for a developer to push the burden onto a server they control. It’s another thing entirely to expect visitors to carry that load when connectivity and device performance isn’t a constant.</p>
<p>Developer productivity is a great metric, but it can’t be isolated from the larger ecosystem. With Ruby, the tradeoff works because nothing is externalized, and it’s barely even a tradeoff these days. But with large front-end JavaScript frameworks, things aren’t just slow. If that JavaScript isn’t able to be loaded for a variety of reasons, sites don’t just become a little slower. <mark>They break entirely.</mark></p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://garrettdimon.com/2020/visitors-developers-or-machines/">Visitors, Developers, or Machines</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/af5d5f52466dfc2f59718294faa07418/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Je ne peux pas parler de technique et de Web sans parler de JavaScript et de ce que l’on fait subir à chaque personne qui visite une page. Les compromis qui sont fait actuellement sont propres à un contexte qui donne une ascendance aux riches développeurs et développeuses qui peuvent se permettre <a href="https://hankchizljaw.com/wrote/honesty-is-the-best-policy/">avec leur matériel récent</a> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/195a2ecd81fa25a7cf43248b809bf724/">cache</a>) de faire des pages tout saufs <em>réact</em>ives pour le reste du monde. Ma machine <a href="/david/stream/2015/07/19/">a bientôt cinq ans</a> et se trouve être limite inutilisable pour du développement web, <strong>comment ose-t-on ?</strong></p>
<p>Je trouve cela terrible, autant en terme de (non)empathie que de consommation de ressources si l’on considère les coûts de manière globale et transverse. Cela a de quoi <a href="https://www.matuzo.at/blog/why-543kb-keep-me-up-at-night/">m’empêcher de dormir aussi</a> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/fc97310297178a549eab5c5f9e8a334f/">cache</a>), déporter une grande partie de la complexité et du calcul du côté du navigateur s’avère être contre-productif <em>dans une majorité des cas</em>.</p>
<blockquote>

<blockquote lang="en">
<p>HTTP 262 JAVASCRIPT UNNECESSARILY REQUIRED; the content is available but you’d better have a good CPU and 15 seconds of free time before the first pixel gets painted</p>
<p><cite>Taudry Hepburn <a href="https://twitter.com/tabatkins/status/1232065732034191360">sur Twitter</a></cite></p>
</blockquote>
@@ -103,24 +106,28 @@
<p>On peut courir après la technologie, c’est plaisant une heure par-ci par-là pour découvrir de nouveaux paysages. De temps en temps même un petit marathon pour rester en forme. Mais à force d’être focalisé sur les prochains pas, j’en étais arrivé à perdre de vue l’intérêt du chemin. Un périple au service de <em>ma</em> vision de l’utilité.</p>
<hr />
<p>Je suis conscient que je me tire peut-être une balle dans le pied en énonçant toutes ces frustrations publiquement. Ou peut-être que cela me permettra au contraire d’entrer en contact avec des personnes qui partagent cette approche. On verra bien, n’hésitez pas à me contacter pour échanger là-dessus.</p>
<h2 id="docker">Docker <a href="#docker" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="docker">Docker <a href="#docker" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Code must run behind at least three levels of virtualization now. Code that runs on bare metal is unnecessarily performant.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://medium.com/swlh/how-is-computer-programming-different-today-than-20-years-ago-9d0154d1b6ce">How is computer programming different today than 20 years ago?</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/4bf3df418cd5d6e14bc6e1b2bda9b12d/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>La critique est acerbe et juste. J’en suis à refuser des projets car l’empilement de technologies me semble être trop bancal pour ne pas risquer de faire tout tomber sans comprendre ce qu’il s’est passé.</p>
<p>Et je ne parle même pas de la charge mentale associée à toute cette pile technique qui détourne de l’intérêt principal d’un produit. Ni du surcoût pour chaque nouvelle personne souhaitant participer (en dépit de la promesse inverse !). Ou du besoin d’avoir une machine récente pour que tout puisse tourner tellement il y a de couches accumulées.</p>
<blockquote>

<blockquote lang="en">
<p>So here’s the counterargument: Integrated systems are good. Integrated developers are good. Being able to wrap your mind around the whole application, and have developers who are able to make whole features, is good! The road to madness and despair lays in specialization and compartmentalization.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://m.signalvnoise.com/integrated-systems-for-integrated-programmers/">Integrated systems for integrated programmers</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/ef5d670c8473add5c3e43f8d4db2eed0/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Je ne veux pas que ma connaissance soit « virtualisée », je ne veux pas que mon application devienne une boîte noire, je ne produis pas de l’électroménager. <strong>J’ai parfois l’impression de me battre contre ma propre prolétarisation.</strong> Suis-je un <a href="/david/stream/2018/06/15/">Luddite</a> moderne de penser cela ?</p>
<h2 id="mudita">Mudita <a href="#mudita" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="mudita">Mudita <a href="#mudita" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>What enough means for me, only concerns me, and should only be compared to myself: where I’m actually at versus where I’m working to get to. As in, am I presently happy or do I assume I’ll be happier in the future, and if so, why?</p>
<p>Enough is the antithesis of unchecked growth because growth encourages mindless consumption and enough requires constant questioning and awareness. Enough is when we reach the upper bound of what’s required.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://pjrvs.com/enough">Enough</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/f61e3ce56d0360e061f4b22e0bb20e47/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Toutes ces réflexions sont très personnelles. Vous pouvez être à un niveau différent de prise de conscience — et c’est très sain. Vous pouvez aussi avoir des contraintes beaucoup plus fortes où d’autres choix seraient beaucoup plus valides. Pour ma part, <strong>je pense avoir assez d’outils pour continuer des expériences utiles où le facteur limitant n’est pas technique.</strong> Et si jamais il le devient, je serais ravi de savoir qu’il y a des personnes différentes qui sont prêtes à relever ces défis.</p>
<blockquote>

<blockquote lang="en">
<p>In Sanskrit, there’s a term called <em>mudita</em>, and there’s no equivalent word in English. Essentially, it means to have sympathetic or unselfish joy for others—<mark>regardless of where they’re at in their own lives</mark>. Really, if we spend less time envying or assuming that others think less of us because they’re in a different place than we are, then it becomes easier to focus on what’s important to ourselves.</p>
<p><cite><em>Ibid.</em></cite></p>
</blockquote>

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@@ -62,13 +62,15 @@
<li>notre cerveau essaye de nous protéger de ce que l’on a subi et/ou fait subir dans notre vie en altérant notre souvenance de ces moments là</li>
</ol>
<p>Si l’on combine ces deux axiomes, j’ai probablement eu des comportements — dont je n’ai pas forcément souvenir ou conscience — qui ont pu être oppressifs. Si vous vous en êtes senti·e victime, je vous invite à engager le dialogue.</p>
<h2 id="techbro">Techbro <a href="#techbro" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="techbro">Techbro <a href="#techbro" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>The prodigal tech bro doesn’t so much take an off-ramp from the relatively high status and well-paid job he left when the scales fell from his eyes, as zoom up an on-ramp into a new sector that accepts the reputational currency he has accumulated. <mark>He’s not joining the resistance.</mark> He’s launching a new kind of start-up using his industry contacts for seed-funding in return for some reputation-laundering.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://conversationalist.org/2020/03/05/the-prodigal-techbro/">The Prodigal Techbro</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/4bda6c744ffb55c0fc4f4bf1f740b4e3/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Cet article est d’une grande justesse. Je n’oublie pas que j’ai participé à l’immonde en travaillant — brièvement — pour la haute finance et — moins brièvement — pour le jeu en ligne. Je n’ai de leçons à donner à personne en terme d’éthique, surtout dans un domaine qui laisse une relative liberté quant au choix des missions choisies.</p>
<p>Le chemin était sans doute nécessaire pour en arriver là où j’en suis mais ce n’est en aucun cas une justification pour avoir fait ces choix pour le moins douteux précédemment.</p>
<h2 id="panic">Panic <a href="#panic" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="panic">Panic <a href="#panic" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>But ultimately, I think I’m telling this story so I can close this panic episode with integrity and honesty. I think I want to tell myself that it’s okay to be weak and imperfect. That it was okay for me to be defensive. That it was okay for me to be angry.</p>
<p>And it’s okay to let the anger go now. Nobody out there is trying to harm me. Nobody out there is trying to force me to admit to mistakes I didn’t make. Nobody out there is trying to make me “wrong”.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://zellwk.com/blog/overcoming-panic-towards-accessibility/">Overcoming my panic towards accessibility</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/85e0f968f6ac8dfdd76c7a76df6ef088/">cache</a>)</cite></p>

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<hr>

<p><em>Quand tout va trop vite, ralentir.</em></p>
<h2 id="croire">Croire <a href="#croire" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="croire">Croire <a href="#croire" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>I can’t do much to change the situation on a large scale. But this is what I will do. I will limit my internet intake and pay attention when it starts making me irritable or depressed. I will be deliberate in the messages I put out on the internet. When I write my email newsletters, I’ll mean them. I’ll post my own thoughts on my own website, whether or not anyone takes the time to read them. And I’ll keep believing in this imperfect tool as a way to connect with other people, open their communication and expand their world. <mark>Sometimes, I will have to take breaks.</mark> But it’s not because I hate the internet. It’s because that’s the only way to keep believing in it.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://jenmyers.net/daily/how-to-keep-believing-in-the-internet.html">How To Keep Believing in the Internet</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/10a0e890ada0487e0adf4548960f056f/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Après une période de <a href="/david/2020/03/27/">boulimie d’information</a>, un moment de repos s’impose. Penser à autre chose pour être en mesure de trouver de nouveaux angles d’approche plus enthousiasmants. Faire un pas de côté, à la fois pour esquiver <em>et</em> pour se pencher sur le travail du voisin inspirant.</p>
<h2 id="remote">Remote <a href="#remote" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="remote">Remote <a href="#remote" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>This also isn’t a time to try to simulate the office. Working from home is not working from the office. Working remotely is not working locally. Don’t try to make one the other. If you have meetings all day at the office, don’t simply simulate those meetings via video. This is an opportunity <em>not</em> to have those meetings. Write it up instead, disseminate the information that way. Let people absorb it on their own time. Protect their time and attention. <a href="https://basecamp.com/guides/how-we-communicate">Improve the way you communicate.</a></p>
<p>Ultimately this major upheaval is an <em>opportunity</em>. This is a chance for your company, your teams, and individuals to learn a new skill. <mark>Working remotely is a skill.</mark> When this is all over, everyone should have a new skill.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://m.signalvnoise.com/working-remotely-builds-organizational-resiliency/">Working remotely builds organizational resiliency</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/5c374b4df521b1ef44c86cd9a3cc022f/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
@@ -67,19 +69,23 @@
<p><cite><em><a href="https://journal.loupbrun.ca/n/021/">Minimum</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/7f74e315811927454830814bcb659896/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Merci Louis-Olivier Brassard. Cela me donne envie de jouer avec ce concept et des citations célèbres :</p>
<blockquote>

<blockquote lang="en">
<p><del>In anything at all,</del> perfection is <del>finally attained not when there is no longer anything to add, but when there is no longer anything to take away, when a body has been stripped down to its</del> nakedness.</p>
<p>— <cite>Antoine de Saint-Exupéry</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<blockquote>

<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Tell me <del>and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and</del> I learn.</p>
<p>— <cite>Benjamin Franklin</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<blockquote>

<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Do not <del>go where the path may lead, go instead where there is no path and</del> leave a trail.</p>
<p>— <cite>Ralph Waldo Emerson</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<blockquote>

<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Life is <del>made of ever so many partings welded</del> together.</p>
<p>— <cite>Charles Dickens</cite></p>
</blockquote>
@@ -93,7 +99,8 @@
loading="lazy" width="1024" height="1024" />
<figcaption>Photo prise depuis le pont.</figcaption>
</figure>
<h2 id="good-intent">Good intent <a href="#good-intent" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="good-intent">Good intent <a href="#good-intent" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>In that context, people telling you to ‘assume good intent’ sounds like <mark>they’re really telling you to shut up</mark>. That your feelings about getting stomped on all the time don’t matter. That no matter how sore your foot is, how much money you’ve spent replacing ruined shoes, how many times you’ve limped on broken toes, you still have a responsibility to worry about the feelings of the people who are hurting you. Because they don’t <em>mean</em> it. As if that makes a difference.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://thebias.com/2017/09/26/how-good-intent-undermines-diversity-and-inclusion/">How “Good Intent” Undermines Diversity and Inclusion</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/618f913d970fee8feadadd15cf282e5a/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>

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<p>La contamination de ses proches est problématique ? Est-ce que l’on aménage des endroits où se mettre en confinement individuel et volontaire en cas de déclaration de symptômes ?</p>
<p>La technologie fait peur ? Est-ce que l’on est prêts à consigner tous nos contacts par écrit pour pouvoir remonter et informer sur la douzaine de jours écoulés ?</p>
<p>Tous ces choix politiques sont relativement <em>low-tech</em>.</p>
<h2 id="tracking">Tracking <a href="#tracking" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="tracking">Tracking <a href="#tracking" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>But let’s think for a moment what is actually necessary to achieve our goal: it turns out we could largely achieve what we want without a centralized infrastructure. […]</p>
<p>Either way the central authority would not know who you are. Your only point of contact would be when you become a covid case. Most importantly <mark>this system could be created in a way where it’s completely useless for tracking people</mark> but still be useful for contact tracing.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://lucumr.pocoo.org/2020/4/3/contact-tracing/">App Assisted Contact Tracing</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/42616669988094757bf9d4864ee4ab4f/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
@@ -90,7 +91,8 @@
<p>J’aime beaucoup la <a href="http://www.aubryconseil.com/post/Retro-confinement">transformation en rétrospective</a> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/81585c1eca04b8e13fa1d096f70c96ec/">cache</a>) proposée par Claude Aubry. Devenons des <q>interrupteurs de globalisation</q> comme le dit Bruno Latour dans son article : <a href="http://www.bruno-latour.fr/sites/default/files/downloads/P-202-AOC-03-20.pdf">PDF complet, 136 Ko</a> (<a href="/static/david/2020/Latour-Apres-Crise.pdf">cache</a>).</p>
<p>Un exercice à faire en famille, en quartier, à l’école ? Encore une question d’échelle. Redessiner des communautés locales <em>et</em> distribuées.</p>
<p><em>Mise à jour</em> : Claude m’a permis de générer une <a href="/static/david/2020/retro_confinement_claude_aubry.png">version haute définition</a> de l’image de la rétro-confinement.</p>
<h2 id="degrowth">Degrowth <a href="#degrowth" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="degrowth">Degrowth <a href="#degrowth" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Historically, people have fought for more—more bread, more rights, more wealth. Deliberately deciding to have less, albeit a radically more equal distribution of a smaller overall pie, will not be easy nor will it be an overnight transition. However, <mark>forming plans for a materially credible, ecologically sustainable, post-capitalist future is absolutely necessary</mark> if we are to avoid the likelihood of a future where the rich fortify themselves in relatively safe, highly militarized zones within temperate regions while most people are left in ruined ecologies located in sacrifice zones, existing well below the social foundation.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://esra.nz/ecological-crises-equitable-futures/">Ecological crises and equitable futures</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/99c5bddeed5760b748ba9b219270d75d/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>

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<p>Un bois n’a jamais refusé l’asile. Les princes, eux, envoyaient leurs bûcherons pour abattre les bois. Pour administrer un pays, la règle est de le défricher. Dans un royaume en ordre, la forêt est le dernier bastion de liberté à tomber.</p>
<p><cite><em>Ibid.</em></cite></p>
</blockquote>
<h2 id="recul">Recul <a href="#recul" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="recul">Recul <a href="#recul" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>And I thought with a pang of how I was always hurrying him – to get dressed, to get out the door for school, to finish his dinner, to get ready for bed – and of how heedlessly <mark>I was inflicting upon him my own anxious awareness of time as an oppressive force</mark>. How before he knew where he was, his own childhood would have receded into the past, and he too would be out of the secret level of childhood and into the laterally scrolling world of adulthood.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://www.theguardian.com/news/2020/jan/24/wilderness-solo-splendid-isolation-stopped-time-sitting-in-a-forest-24-hours">Splendid isolation: how I stopped time by sitting in a forest for 24 hours</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/3fc386b9b57aa937db0a1883502b9ab8/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>

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<p>Jusque là, c’est plutôt alléchant mais le <em>timing</em> est quand même serré : le déconfinement est prévu pour le 11 mai. Soit 6 jours plus tard. <em>Gloups.</em></p>
<p>En plus de l’urgence, d’autres voyants sont au rouge : on évoque une <q>équipe en mode commando</q> et il y a déjà beaucoup d’attentes bien qu’aucune ligne de code n’ait été produite… sans compter le fait que nous ne sommes ni des développeurs JavaScript, ni familiers des plateformes de distribution des <abbr title="Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon, Microsoft et consorts.">GAFAM+</abbr>. Par choix.</p>
<p>On finit par accepter car l’intention nous semble louable. Opération : <strong>Covidoudou</strong>.</p>
<h2 id="jour-3-7-mai-doutes-techniques">Jour 3 (7 mai) : Doutes techniques <a href="#jour-3-7-mai-doutes-techniques" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="jour-3-7-mai-doutes-techniques">Jour 3 (7 mai) : Doutes techniques <a href="#jour-3-7-mai-doutes-techniques" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>What is clear: right now, if you’re using a framework to build your site, <mark>you’re making a trade-off in terms of initial performance</mark>—even in the best of scenarios.</p>
<p><em>Some</em> trade-off may be acceptable in the right situations, but it’s important that we make that exchange consciously.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://timkadlec.com/remembers/2020-04-21-the-cost-of-javascript-frameworks/">The Cost of Javascript Frameworks</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/be8e81e9337d81e7a31a5cc1f4d38435/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
<p>Beaucoup d’interrogations relatives aux performances et à la complexité que l’on souhaite déléguer dans ce domaine. On s’attend à avoir potentiellement une charge non négligeable à encaisser. On évalue plusieurs solutions mais aucune ne nous satisfait pleinement, aussi on décide de faire un premier jet avec une succession de vues en JavaScript à la main qui reprennent des éléments <code>template</code> pré-chargés dans le HTML. Lorsqu’on fait un compromis, il s’agit toujours de tenter de trouver la solution la moins pire <em>pour un contexte donné</em>.</p>
<blockquote>

<blockquote lang="en">
<p>But I think there are a lot of problems that are better solved some other way.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://macwright.org/2020/05/10/spa-fatigue.html">Second-guessing the modern web</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/ebaa216561b046ae17b29b399305b294/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
@@ -71,7 +73,8 @@
<h2 id="jour-5-9-mai-un-algorithme-recalcitrant">Jour 5 (9 mai) : Un algorithme récalcitrant <a href="#jour-5-9-mai-un-algorithme-recalcitrant" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><p>L’objectif est simple : on a une série de questions et en fonction des réponses on affiche des conseils personnalisés en fonction de la localisation, des caractéristiques, des antécédents et des symptômes ou contact à risque potentiels.</p>
<p>Sauf que tout bouge très vite, autant les questions que les conseils ou l’arbre logique qui permet de passer des unes aux autres. Sans compter qu’il a été écrit par des médecins dans une feuille de calcul et qu’il faut aller repêcher les informations à la main. Pas évident.</p>
<p>En parallèle, on <a href="https://github.com/Delegation-numerique-en-sante/mesconseilscovid/">publie le code source</a> sous licence MIT et on est maintenant en capacité de faire une démo à l’équipe élargie. Les retours sont plutôt bons et ça tranquillise beaucoup de monde.</p>
<h2 id="jour-7-11-mai-tenir-la-charge">Jour 7 (11 mai) : Tenir la charge <a href="#jour-7-11-mai-tenir-la-charge" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="jour-7-11-mai-tenir-la-charge">Jour 7 (11 mai) : Tenir la charge <a href="#jour-7-11-mai-tenir-la-charge" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>If you are in charge of a web site that provides even slightly important information, or important services, <strong>it’s time to get static</strong>.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://meyerweb.com/eric/thoughts/2020/03/22/get-static/">Get Static</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/4f88ece170719f58ce09ba4b1818730a/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>
@@ -93,7 +96,8 @@
<h2 id="jour-15-19-mai-un-cms-statique">Jour 15 (19 mai) : un CMS statique <a href="#jour-15-19-mai-un-cms-statique" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><p>Suite à une réunion de travail, on se rend compte qu’il est difficile d’avoir accès à l’intégralité des contenus disponibles pour pouvoir rester cohérent dans les formulations. Aussi, un découpage par dossier s’impose et permet d’avoir un fichier <em>README.md</em> qui va compiler <a href="https://github.com/Delegation-numerique-en-sante/mesconseilscovid/tree/master/contenus/statuts#statuts">l’ensemble de ces contenus</a> par type. Cela fournit un lien pour aller éditer le bon contenu depuis ces index.</p>
<p>On sent naître aussi la nécessité d’un <em>CHANGELOG</em> afin que toutes l’équipe élargie sache ce qui est <a href="https://github.com/Delegation-numerique-en-sante/mesconseilscovid/blob/master/CHANGELOG.md#changelog">implémenté et déployé</a>. C’est intéressant — et un peu effrayant — de voir à quel point on a réussi à faire contribuer des médecins peu techniques en utilisant nos outils de développeurs·ses.</p>
<p><em>Aussi, je m’éclipse pour <a href="/david/2020/05/20/">une vingtaine d’heures</a> en forêt.</em></p>
<h2 id="jour-18-22-mai-prise-de-recul">Jour 18 (22 mai) : Prise de recul <a href="#jour-18-22-mai-prise-de-recul" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="jour-18-22-mai-prise-de-recul">Jour 18 (22 mai) : Prise de recul <a href="#jour-18-22-mai-prise-de-recul" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Prioritisation isn’t easy, and it gets harder the more factors come into play: user needs, business needs, technical constraints. But it’s worth investing the time to get agreement on the priority of your constituencies. And then formulate that agreement into design principles.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://adactio.com/journal/16811">Principles and priorities</a></em> (<a href="/david/cache/2020/f3be13f0057c9ff350b6e0bf3c3be90b/">cache</a>)</cite></p>
</blockquote>

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<h2 id="citizenfour">Citizenfour <a href="#citizenfour" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><p>J’ai longtemps reporté le moment de consultation de ce documentaire pensant plutôt bien connaître le sujet et en fait l’intérêt n’est pas celui auquel je m’attendais. C’est assez incroyable d’avoir des <code>rushs</code> des jours qui ont changé le monde et de voir l’intégrité et le courage d’une personne.</p>
<p>Edward Snowden est un héros. Il a même une cape.</p>
<p>Je renouvelle ma question : <a href="/david/stream/2018/06/16/">où sont les lanceurs d’alertes des GAFAM+ ?</a></p>
<h2 id="minimalism">Minimalism <a href="#minimalism" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2><blockquote>
<h2 id="minimalism">Minimalism <a href="#minimalism" title="Ancre vers cette partie" aria-hidden="true">#</a></h2>
<blockquote lang="en">
<p>Love people and use things because the opposite never works.</p>
<p><cite><em><a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt3810760/">Minimalism: A Documentary About the Important Things</a></em></cite></p>
</blockquote>

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## Ban technology

> “I’ve come to the conclusion that because information constantly increases, there’s never going to be privacy,” Mr. Scalzo said. “Laws have to determine what’s legal, but you can’t ban technology. Sure, that might lead to a dystopian future or something, but you can’t ban it.”
> [en] “I’ve come to the conclusion that because information constantly increases, there’s never going to be privacy,” Mr. Scalzo said. “Laws have to determine what’s legal, but you can’t ban technology. Sure, that might lead to a dystopian future or something, but you can’t ban it.”
>
> <cite>*[The Secretive Company That Might End Privacy as We Know It](https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/18/technology/clearview-privacy-facial-recognition.html)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/1d190443e06aa99b44dd2a4d55b1b58e/))</cite>

Vous avez bien joué avec toutes ces apps qui vous rendent plus jeune/vieux/ridicule/whatever ? Et bien ces images sont maintenant utilisées pour vous reconnaitre avec précision. Vous n’avez peut-être rien à cacher mais vous avez quand même mis en danger celles et ceux qui ont justement quelque chose à cacher, c’est la base de l’intelligence « artificielle » : avoir un jeux de données suffisamment large pour apprendre avec pertinence.

> The reality for the foreseeable future is that the people who control and deploy facial recognition technology at any consequential scale will predominantly be our oppressors. Why should we desire our faces to be legible for efficient automated processing by systems of their design?
> [en] The reality for the foreseeable future is that the people who control and deploy facial recognition technology at any consequential scale will predominantly be our oppressors. Why should we desire our faces to be legible for efficient automated processing by systems of their design?
>
> <cite>*[Against Black Inclusion in Facial Recognition](https://digitaltalkingdrum.com/2017/08/15/against-black-inclusion-in-facial-recognition/)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/cf5eab15b9590499ccb6d989f50fe5e3/))</cite>

Les exemples ne manquent pas, [on en vient même à parler](http://bostonreview.net/science-nature-politics/annette-zimmermann-elena-di-rosa-hochan-kim-technology-cant-fix-algorithmic) ([cache](/david/cache/2020/d562b547dc4833f0eb84a67ec2a8465d/)) d’*algorithmic fairness*. C’est dire à quel point on est actuellement bien biaisés.

> The New York Daily News reported on Wednesday that a staffing agency hired by Google had sent its contractors to numerous American cities to target black people for facial scans. One unnamed former worker told the newspaper that in Atlanta, the effort included finding those who were homeless because they were less likely to speak to the media.
> [en] The New York Daily News reported on Wednesday that a staffing agency hired by Google had sent its contractors to numerous American cities to target black people for facial scans. One unnamed former worker told the newspaper that in Atlanta, the effort included finding those who were homeless because they were less likely to speak to the media.
>
> <cite>*[Atlanta Asks Google Whether It Targeted Black Homeless People](https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/04/technology/google-facial-recognition-atlanta-homeless.html)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/384b330b3de6f4f2bac8c81f0f04c404/))</cite>


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## Cars

> On a recent drive, a 2017 Chevrolet collected my precise location. It stored my phone’s ID and the people I called. It judged my acceleration and braking style, beaming back reports to its maker General Motors over an always-on Internet connection.
> [en] On a recent drive, a 2017 Chevrolet collected my precise location. It stored my phone’s ID and the people I called. It judged my acceleration and braking style, beaming back reports to its maker General Motors over an always-on Internet connection.
>
> Cars have become the most sophisticated computers many of us own, filled with hundreds of sensors. Even older models know an awful lot about you. Many copy over personal data as soon as you plug in a smartphone.
>
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@

Je sais que je ne pourrais probablement plus acheter de voiture récente non plus. Ce qui n’est pas plus mal. J’ose à peine imaginer la quantité d’informations stockée dans une voiture de location. Il faut que je fasse plus attention à cela.

> Automakers haven’t had a data reckoning yet, but they’re due for one. GM ran an experiment in which it tracked the radio music tastes of 90,000 volunteer drivers to look for patterns with where they traveled. According to the Detroit Free Press, GM told marketers that the data might help them persuade a country music fan who normally stopped at Tim Horton’s to go to McDonald’s instead.
> [en] Automakers haven’t had a data reckoning yet, but they’re due for one. GM ran an experiment in which it tracked the radio music tastes of 90,000 volunteer drivers to look for patterns with where they traveled. According to the Detroit Free Press, GM told marketers that the data might help them persuade a country music fan who normally stopped at Tim Horton’s to go to McDonald’s instead.
>
> <cite>*Ibid.*</cite>


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## Confuse trackers

> Each time she refreshed the Explore tab, it was a completely different topic, none of which she was interested in. That’s because Mosley wasn’t the only person using this account -- it belonged to a group of her friends, at least five of whom could be on at any given time. ==Maybe they couldn’t hide their data footprints, but they could at least leave hundreds behind to confuse trackers.==
> [en] Each time she refreshed the Explore tab, it was a completely different topic, none of which she was interested in. That’s because Mosley wasn’t the only person using this account -- it belonged to a group of her friends, at least five of whom could be on at any given time. ==Maybe they couldn’t hide their data footprints, but they could at least leave hundreds behind to confuse trackers.==
>
> These teenagers are relying on a sophisticated network of trusted Instagram users to post content from multiple different devices, from multiple different locations.
>

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## Jour 18 (22 mai) : Prise de recul

> Prioritisation isn’t easy, and it gets harder the more factors come into play: user needs, business needs, technical constraints. But it’s worth investing the time to get agreement on the priority of your constituencies. And then formulate that agreement into design principles.
> [en] Prioritisation isn’t easy, and it gets harder the more factors come into play: user needs, business needs, technical constraints. But it’s worth investing the time to get agreement on the priority of your constituencies. And then formulate that agreement into design principles.
>
> <cite>*[Principles and priorities](https://adactio.com/journal/16811)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/f3be13f0057c9ff350b6e0bf3c3be90b/))</cite>


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## Jour 3 (7 mai) : Doutes techniques

> What is clear: right now, if you’re using a framework to build your site, ==you’re making a trade-off in terms of initial performance==—even in the best of scenarios.
> [en] What is clear: right now, if you’re using a framework to build your site, ==you’re making a trade-off in terms of initial performance==—even in the best of scenarios.
>
> *Some* trade-off may be acceptable in the right situations, but it’s important that we make that exchange consciously.
>
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@

Beaucoup d’interrogations relatives aux performances et à la complexité que l’on souhaite déléguer dans ce domaine. On s’attend à avoir potentiellement une charge non négligeable à encaisser. On évalue plusieurs solutions mais aucune ne nous satisfait pleinement, aussi on décide de faire un premier jet avec une succession de vues en JavaScript à la main qui reprennent des éléments `template` pré-chargés dans le HTML. Lorsqu’on fait un compromis, il s’agit toujours de tenter de trouver la solution la moins pire *pour un contexte donné*.

> But I think there are a lot of problems that are better solved some other way.
> [en] But I think there are a lot of problems that are better solved some other way.
>
> <cite>*[Second-guessing the modern web](https://macwright.org/2020/05/10/spa-fatigue.html)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/ebaa216561b046ae17b29b399305b294/))</cite>


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## Jour 7 (11 mai) : Tenir la charge

> If you are in charge of a web site that provides even slightly important information, or important services, **it’s time to get static**.
> [en] If you are in charge of a web site that provides even slightly important information, or important services, **it’s time to get static**.
>
> <cite>*[Get Static](https://meyerweb.com/eric/thoughts/2020/03/22/get-static/)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/4f88ece170719f58ce09ba4b1818730a/))</cite>


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## Croire

> I can’t do much to change the situation on a large scale. But this is what I will do. I will limit my internet intake and pay attention when it starts making me irritable or depressed. I will be deliberate in the messages I put out on the internet. When I write my email newsletters, I’ll mean them. I’ll post my own thoughts on my own website, whether or not anyone takes the time to read them. And I’ll keep believing in this imperfect tool as a way to connect with other people, open their communication and expand their world. ==Sometimes, I will have to take breaks.== But it’s not because I hate the internet. It’s because that’s the only way to keep believing in it.
> [en] I can’t do much to change the situation on a large scale. But this is what I will do. I will limit my internet intake and pay attention when it starts making me irritable or depressed. I will be deliberate in the messages I put out on the internet. When I write my email newsletters, I’ll mean them. I’ll post my own thoughts on my own website, whether or not anyone takes the time to read them. And I’ll keep believing in this imperfect tool as a way to connect with other people, open their communication and expand their world. ==Sometimes, I will have to take breaks.== But it’s not because I hate the internet. It’s because that’s the only way to keep believing in it.
>
> <cite>*[How To Keep Believing in the Internet](https://jenmyers.net/daily/how-to-keep-believing-in-the-internet.html)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/10a0e890ada0487e0adf4548960f056f/))</cite>


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## Degrowth

> Historically, people have fought for more—more bread, more rights, more wealth. Deliberately deciding to have less, albeit a radically more equal distribution of a smaller overall pie, will not be easy nor will it be an overnight transition. However, ==forming plans for a materially credible, ecologically sustainable, post-capitalist future is absolutely necessary== if we are to avoid the likelihood of a future where the rich fortify themselves in relatively safe, highly militarized zones within temperate regions while most people are left in ruined ecologies located in sacrifice zones, existing well below the social foundation.
> [en] Historically, people have fought for more—more bread, more rights, more wealth. Deliberately deciding to have less, albeit a radically more equal distribution of a smaller overall pie, will not be easy nor will it be an overnight transition. However, ==forming plans for a materially credible, ecologically sustainable, post-capitalist future is absolutely necessary== if we are to avoid the likelihood of a future where the rich fortify themselves in relatively safe, highly militarized zones within temperate regions while most people are left in ruined ecologies located in sacrifice zones, existing well below the social foundation.
>
> <cite>*[Ecological crises and equitable futures](https://esra.nz/ecological-crises-equitable-futures/)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/99c5bddeed5760b748ba9b219270d75d/))</cite>


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## Dépression

> depression has a set of causes and a concrete context that transcend any diagnostic manual, as well as the neoliberal ideology of focusing on subjects, not structures; personal responsibilities, not collective ones; chemistry, not capital.
> [en] depression has a set of causes and a concrete context that transcend any diagnostic manual, as well as the neoliberal ideology of focusing on subjects, not structures; personal responsibilities, not collective ones; chemistry, not capital.
>
> […]
>

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## Docker

> Code must run behind at least three levels of virtualization now. Code that runs on bare metal is unnecessarily performant.
> [en] Code must run behind at least three levels of virtualization now. Code that runs on bare metal is unnecessarily performant.
>
> <cite>*[How is computer programming different today than 20 years ago?](https://medium.com/swlh/how-is-computer-programming-different-today-than-20-years-ago-9d0154d1b6ce)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/4bf3df418cd5d6e14bc6e1b2bda9b12d/))</cite>

@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ La critique est acerbe et juste. J’en suis à refuser des projets car l’empi

Et je ne parle même pas de la charge mentale associée à toute cette pile technique qui détourne de l’intérêt principal d’un produit. Ni du surcoût pour chaque nouvelle personne souhaitant participer (en dépit de la promesse inverse !). Ou du besoin d’avoir une machine récente pour que tout puisse tourner tellement il y a de couches accumulées.

> So here’s the counterargument: Integrated systems are good. Integrated developers are good. Being able to wrap your mind around the whole application, and have developers who are able to make whole features, is good! The road to madness and despair lays in specialization and compartmentalization.
> [en] So here’s the counterargument: Integrated systems are good. Integrated developers are good. Being able to wrap your mind around the whole application, and have developers who are able to make whole features, is good! The road to madness and despair lays in specialization and compartmentalization.
>
> <cite>*[Integrated systems for integrated programmers](https://m.signalvnoise.com/integrated-systems-for-integrated-programmers/)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/ef5d670c8473add5c3e43f8d4db2eed0/))</cite>


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## Endlessness

> On the demand side, too, TikTok achieves endlessness. It is endless horizontally, each video an infinitely looping GIF, and it is endless vertically, the videos stacked up in an infinite scroll. There is no exit from TikTok’s cinema. One college student I know, having recently downloaded the app, told me that she now finds herself watching TikToks until her iPhone battery dies. She can’t pull her eyes away from the screen, but she is still able to withstand the temptation to recharge her phone while the app’s running. Electrical failure is the last defense against infinite media.
> [en] On the demand side, too, TikTok achieves endlessness. It is endless horizontally, each video an infinitely looping GIF, and it is endless vertically, the videos stacked up in an infinite scroll. There is no exit from TikTok’s cinema. One college student I know, having recently downloaded the app, told me that she now finds herself watching TikToks until her iPhone battery dies. She can’t pull her eyes away from the screen, but she is still able to withstand the temptation to recharge her phone while the app’s running. Electrical failure is the last defense against infinite media.
>
> <cite>*[TikTok and the coming of infinite media](http://www.roughtype.com/?p=8677)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/58add7873e65625beba4c859d40a278b/))</cite>


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## Evil

> The tech industry doesn’t intoxicate us like it did just a few years ago. Keeping up with its problems—and its fixes, and its fixes that cause new problems—is dizzying. Separating out the meaningful threats from the noise is hard. Is Facebook really the danger to democracy it looks like? Is Uber really worse than the system it replaced? Isn’t Amazon’s same-day delivery worth it? Which harms are real and which are hypothetical? Has the techlash gotten it right? And which of these companies is really the worst? Which ones might be, well, evil?
> [en] The tech industry doesn’t intoxicate us like it did just a few years ago. Keeping up with its problems—and its fixes, and its fixes that cause new problems—is dizzying. Separating out the meaningful threats from the noise is hard. Is Facebook really the danger to democracy it looks like? Is Uber really worse than the system it replaced? Isn’t Amazon’s same-day delivery worth it? Which harms are real and which are hypothetical? Has the techlash gotten it right? And which of these companies is really the worst? Which ones might be, well, evil?
>
> <cite>*[Which tech companies are doing the most harm?](https://slate.com/technology/2020/01/evil-list-tech-companies-dangerous-amazon-facebook-google-palantir.html)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/566b71b4e3a0217d7a224f71aa255a35/))</cite>


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## Good intent

> In that context, people telling you to ‘assume good intent’ sounds like ==they’re really telling you to shut up==. That your feelings about getting stomped on all the time don’t matter. That no matter how sore your foot is, how much money you’ve spent replacing ruined shoes, how many times you’ve limped on broken toes, you still have a responsibility to worry about the feelings of the people who are hurting you. Because they don’t *mean* it. As if that makes a difference.
> [en] In that context, people telling you to ‘assume good intent’ sounds like ==they’re really telling you to shut up==. That your feelings about getting stomped on all the time don’t matter. That no matter how sore your foot is, how much money you’ve spent replacing ruined shoes, how many times you’ve limped on broken toes, you still have a responsibility to worry about the feelings of the people who are hurting you. Because they don’t *mean* it. As if that makes a difference.
>
> <cite>*[How “Good Intent” Undermines Diversity and Inclusion](https://thebias.com/2017/09/26/how-good-intent-undermines-diversity-and-inclusion/)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/618f913d970fee8feadadd15cf282e5a/))</cite>


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## JavaScript

> The performance tradeoff isn’t about *where* the bottleneck is. It’s about *who* has to carry the burden. It’s one thing for a developer to push the burden onto a server they control. It’s another thing entirely to expect visitors to carry that load when connectivity and device performance isn’t a constant.
> [en] The performance tradeoff isn’t about *where* the bottleneck is. It’s about *who* has to carry the burden. It’s one thing for a developer to push the burden onto a server they control. It’s another thing entirely to expect visitors to carry that load when connectivity and device performance isn’t a constant.
>
> Developer productivity is a great metric, but it can’t be isolated from the larger ecosystem. With Ruby, the tradeoff works because nothing is externalized, and it’s barely even a tradeoff these days. But with large front-end JavaScript frameworks, things aren’t just slow. If that JavaScript isn’t able to be loaded for a variety of reasons, sites don’t just become a little slower. ==They break entirely.==
>
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ Je ne peux pas parler de technique et de Web sans parler de JavaScript et de ce

Je trouve cela terrible, autant en terme de (non)empathie que de consommation de ressources si l’on considère les coûts de manière globale et transverse. Cela a de quoi [m’empêcher de dormir aussi](https://www.matuzo.at/blog/why-543kb-keep-me-up-at-night/) ([cache](/david/cache/2020/fc97310297178a549eab5c5f9e8a334f/)), déporter une grande partie de la complexité et du calcul du côté du navigateur s’avère être contre-productif *dans une majorité des cas*.

> HTTP 262 JAVASCRIPT UNNECESSARILY REQUIRED; the content is available but you’d better have a good CPU and 15 seconds of free time before the first pixel gets painted
> [en] HTTP 262 JAVASCRIPT UNNECESSARILY REQUIRED; the content is available but you’d better have a good CPU and 15 seconds of free time before the first pixel gets painted
>
> <cite>Taudry Hepburn [sur Twitter](https://twitter.com/tabatkins/status/1232065732034191360)</cite>


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## Make them dance

> Unequal knowledge about us produces unequal power over us, and so epistemic inequality widens to include the distance between what we can do and what can be done to us. Data scientists describe this as the shift from monitoring to actuation, in which a critical mass of knowledge about a machine system enables the remote control of that system. Now people have become targets for remote control, as surveillance capitalists discovered that the most predictive data come from intervening in behavior to tune, herd and modify action in the direction of commercial objectives. This third imperative, “economies of action,” has become an arena of intense experimentation. “We are learning how to write the music,” one scientist said, “and then we let the music make them dance.”
> [en] Unequal knowledge about us produces unequal power over us, and so epistemic inequality widens to include the distance between what we can do and what can be done to us. Data scientists describe this as the shift from monitoring to actuation, in which a critical mass of knowledge about a machine system enables the remote control of that system. Now people have become targets for remote control, as surveillance capitalists discovered that the most predictive data come from intervening in behavior to tune, herd and modify action in the direction of commercial objectives. This third imperative, “economies of action,” has become an arena of intense experimentation. “We are learning how to write the music,” one scientist said, “and then we let the music make them dance.”
>
> <cite>*[You Are Now Remotely Controlled](https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/24/opinion/sunday/surveillance-capitalism.html)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/f45cdbe527b4c4acead78cef9e4d533f/))</cite>


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## Maximalist assemblage

> Similarly, we might be able to hold the iPhone in our hands, but we should also be aware that the network of its consequences is vast: server farms absorbing massive amounts of electricity, Chinese factories where workers die by suicide, devastated mud pit mines that produce tin. It is easy to feel like a minimalist when you can order food, summon a car or rent a room using a single brick of steel and silicon. But in reality, it is the opposite. We are taking advantage of a maximalist assemblage. Just because something looks simple does not mean it is; the aesthetics of simplicity cloak artifice, or even unsustainable excess.
> [en] Similarly, we might be able to hold the iPhone in our hands, but we should also be aware that the network of its consequences is vast: server farms absorbing massive amounts of electricity, Chinese factories where workers die by suicide, devastated mud pit mines that produce tin. It is easy to feel like a minimalist when you can order food, summon a car or rent a room using a single brick of steel and silicon. But in reality, it is the opposite. We are taking advantage of a maximalist assemblage. Just because something looks simple does not mean it is; the aesthetics of simplicity cloak artifice, or even unsustainable excess.
>
> <cite>*[The empty promises of Marie Kondo and the craze for minimalism](https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2020/jan/03/empty-promises-marie-kondo-craze-for-minimalism)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/73a689d4932b2952affd040014e9b85b/))</cite>


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## Meditation

> Meditation teaches humility and patience, because you must constantly confront that most disappointing person: yourself.
> [en] Meditation teaches humility and patience, because you must constantly confront that most disappointing person: yourself.
>
> […]
>

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## Minimalism

> Love people and use things because the opposite never works.
> [en] Love people and use things because the opposite never works.
>
> <cite>*[Minimalism: A Documentary About the Important Things](https://www.imdb.com/title/tt3810760/)*</cite>


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Merci Louis-Olivier Brassard. Cela me donne envie de jouer avec ce concept et des citations célèbres :

> <del>In anything at all,</del> perfection is <del>finally attained not when there is no longer anything to add, but when there is no longer anything to take away, when a body has been stripped down to its</del> nakedness.
> [en] <del>In anything at all,</del> perfection is <del>finally attained not when there is no longer anything to add, but when there is no longer anything to take away, when a body has been stripped down to its</del> nakedness.
>
> — <cite>Antoine de Saint-Exupéry</cite>

> Tell me <del>and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and</del> I learn.
> [en] Tell me <del>and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and</del> I learn.
>
> — <cite>Benjamin Franklin</cite>

> Do not <del>go where the path may lead, go instead where there is no path and</del> leave a trail.
> [en] Do not <del>go where the path may lead, go instead where there is no path and</del> leave a trail.
>
> — <cite>Ralph Waldo Emerson</cite>

> Life is <del>made of ever so many partings welded</del> together.
> [en] Life is <del>made of ever so many partings welded</del> together.
>
> — <cite>Charles Dickens</cite>


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## Mood

> But a more careful look into Spotify’s history shows that the decision to define audiences by their moods was part of a strategic push to grow Spotify’s advertising business in the years leading up to its IPO—and today, Spotify’s enormous access to mood-based data is a pillar of its value to brands and advertisers, allowing them to target ads on Spotify by moods and emotions. Further, since 2016, Spotify has shared this mood data directly with the world’s biggest marketing and advertising firms.
> [en] But a more careful look into Spotify’s history shows that the decision to define audiences by their moods was part of a strategic push to grow Spotify’s advertising business in the years leading up to its IPO—and today, Spotify’s enormous access to mood-based data is a pillar of its value to brands and advertisers, allowing them to target ads on Spotify by moods and emotions. Further, since 2016, Spotify has shared this mood data directly with the world’s biggest marketing and advertising firms.
>
> <cite>*[Big Mood Machine](https://thebaffler.com/downstream/big-mood-machine-pelly)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/5ddeb776b27bade5f581d66e40de4c6c/))</cite>


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## Mudita

> What enough means for me, only concerns me, and should only be compared to myself: where I’m actually at versus where I’m working to get to. As in, am I presently happy or do I assume I’ll be happier in the future, and if so, why?
> [en] What enough means for me, only concerns me, and should only be compared to myself: where I’m actually at versus where I’m working to get to. As in, am I presently happy or do I assume I’ll be happier in the future, and if so, why?
>
> Enough is the antithesis of unchecked growth because growth encourages mindless consumption and enough requires constant questioning and awareness. Enough is when we reach the upper bound of what’s required.
>
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@

Toutes ces réflexions sont très personnelles. Vous pouvez être à un niveau différent de prise de conscience — et c’est très sain. Vous pouvez aussi avoir des contraintes beaucoup plus fortes où d’autres choix seraient beaucoup plus valides. Pour ma part, **je pense avoir assez d’outils pour continuer des expériences utiles où le facteur limitant n’est pas technique.** Et si jamais il le devient, je serais ravi de savoir qu’il y a des personnes différentes qui sont prêtes à relever ces défis.

> In Sanskrit, there’s a term called *mudita*, and there’s no equivalent word in English. Essentially, it means to have sympathetic or unselfish joy for others—==regardless of where they’re at in their own lives==. Really, if we spend less time envying or assuming that others think less of us because they’re in a different place than we are, then it becomes easier to focus on what’s important to ourselves.
> [en] In Sanskrit, there’s a term called *mudita*, and there’s no equivalent word in English. Essentially, it means to have sympathetic or unselfish joy for others—==regardless of where they’re at in their own lives==. Really, if we spend less time envying or assuming that others think less of us because they’re in a different place than we are, then it becomes easier to focus on what’s important to ourselves.
>
> <cite>*Ibid.*</cite>


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## Neutral data

> “‘The map is not the territory ... but another version of reality,’ Wreckert said, quoting semanticist Alfred Korzybski, one of William S. Burroughs’ biggest influences. “==Data is always translated to what they might be presented.== The images, lists, graphs, and maps that represent those data are all interpretations, and there is no such thing as neutral data. Data is always collected for a specific purpose, by a combination of people, technology, money, commerce, and government.”
> [en] “‘The map is not the territory ... but another version of reality,’ Wreckert said, quoting semanticist Alfred Korzybski, one of William S. Burroughs’ biggest influences. “==Data is always translated to what they might be presented.== The images, lists, graphs, and maps that represent those data are all interpretations, and there is no such thing as neutral data. Data is always collected for a specific purpose, by a combination of people, technology, money, commerce, and government.”
>
> <cite>*[How to Fake a Traffic Jam on Google Maps](https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/9393w7/this-man-created-traffic-jams-on-google-maps-using-a-red-wagon-full-of-phones)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/42b02cc81a7fface539dfb3397f0a464/))</cite>


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## Normalized

> Luckily as the year comes to a close, the music streaming platform Spotify provides its users with a tantalizing (and ready to share) glimpse of their listening habits. It’s fun! It’s shareable! And it’s a troubling reminder that being “fun” and “shareable” is one of the primary ways by which rampant surveillance becomes normalized.
> [en] Luckily as the year comes to a close, the music streaming platform Spotify provides its users with a tantalizing (and ready to share) glimpse of their listening habits. It’s fun! It’s shareable! And it’s a troubling reminder that being “fun” and “shareable” is one of the primary ways by which rampant surveillance becomes normalized.
>
> <cite>*[Who Listens to the Listeners?](https://librarianshipwreck.wordpress.com/2019/12/06/who-listens-to-the-listeners/)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/662f4136a25b828f662a6e822d85575d/))</cite>


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## Open book

> The data reviewed by Times Opinion didn’t come from a telecom or giant tech company, nor did it come from a governmental surveillance operation. It originated from a location data company, one of dozens quietly collecting precise movements using software slipped onto mobile phone apps. You’ve probably never heard of most of the companies — and yet to anyone who has access to this data, your life is an open book. They can see the places you go every moment of the day, whom you meet with or spend the night with, where you pray, whether you visit a methadone clinic, a psychiatrist’s office or a massage parlor.
> [en] The data reviewed by Times Opinion didn’t come from a telecom or giant tech company, nor did it come from a governmental surveillance operation. It originated from a location data company, one of dozens quietly collecting precise movements using software slipped onto mobile phone apps. You’ve probably never heard of most of the companies — and yet to anyone who has access to this data, your life is an open book. They can see the places you go every moment of the day, whom you meet with or spend the night with, where you pray, whether you visit a methadone clinic, a psychiatrist’s office or a massage parlor.
>
> <cite>*[Twelve Million Phones, One Dataset, Zero Privacy](https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/12/19/opinion/location-tracking-cell-phone.html)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/2390380d879c04ee56baf320b6f7e681/))</cite>


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## Panic

> But ultimately, I think I’m telling this story so I can close this panic episode with integrity and honesty. I think I want to tell myself that it’s okay to be weak and imperfect. That it was okay for me to be defensive. That it was okay for me to be angry.
> [en] But ultimately, I think I’m telling this story so I can close this panic episode with integrity and honesty. I think I want to tell myself that it’s okay to be weak and imperfect. That it was okay for me to be defensive. That it was okay for me to be angry.
>
> And it’s okay to let the anger go now. Nobody out there is trying to harm me. Nobody out there is trying to force me to admit to mistakes I didn’t make. Nobody out there is trying to make me “wrong”.
>

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## Pieces of content

> When I’ve used static site generators in the past ten years, there were a few pain points like lacking documentation and strange and incompatible conventions. But the nail in the coffin was always that it’s either impossible or way too hard to **build a single page from several pieces of content**.
> [en] When I’ve used static site generators in the past ten years, there were a few pain points like lacking documentation and strange and incompatible conventions. But the nail in the coffin was always that it’s either impossible or way too hard to **build a single page from several pieces of content**.
>
> <cite>*[About static site generators](https://fvsch.com/static-site-generators/)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/ff864f1890f6eb967b3f9645554708e0/))</cite>


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## Pouvoir de détruire, pouvoir de créer

> Les textes réunis ici, majeurs dans l’œuvre de Bookchin, exposent son écologie sociale, dans sa théorie comme dans sa pratique « municipaliste libertaire », qui passe par la démocratie directe et la reprise en main de nos conditions d’existence. Ils déploient aussi toutes les implications éthiques et même esthétiques de ce projet politique, depuis la respiritualisation du travail jusqu’à l’établissement d’une nouvelle sensibilité et d’une nouvelle façon de vivre, un apprentissage continuel de la vertu et de la décence pour résister à la corruption sociale, morale et psychologique exercée par le marché et son égoïsme débridé.
> Les textes réunis ici, majeurs dans l’œuvre de Bookchin, exposent son écologie sociale, dans sa théorie comme dans sa pratique « municipaliste libertaire », qui passe par la démocratie directe et la reprise en main de nos conditions d’existence. Ils déploient aussi toutes les implications éthiques et même esthétiques de ce projet politique, depuis la respiritualisation du travail jusqu’à l’établissement d’une nouvelle sensibilité et d’une nouvelle façon de vivre, un apprentissage continuel de la vertu et de la décence pour résister à la corruption sociale, morale et psychologique exercée par le marché et son égoïsme débridé.
>
> <cite>*Pouvoir de détruire, pouvoir de créer*, Murray Bookchin</cite>


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## Power imbalance

> The first step to tackle this is for the person on the upward side of the power dynamic to acknowledge and admit to themselves their position. Only then can you honestly reflect on interactions you have with your pairing partner, and how power dynamics impact them. Try to think about your own positionality and situatedness. What can you actively do to neutralize power imbalance?
> [en] The first step to tackle this is for the person on the upward side of the power dynamic to acknowledge and admit to themselves their position. Only then can you honestly reflect on interactions you have with your pairing partner, and how power dynamics impact them. Try to think about your own positionality and situatedness. What can you actively do to neutralize power imbalance?
>
> Recognizing these types of differences and adapting our behaviour to improve collaboration can be hard. It requires a lot of self reflection.
>

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## Le problème

> Eventually, I settled on a list of questions I would ask myself for each problem as it arose. I found that asking these questions, in order, helped me make the best decision possible:
> [en] Eventually, I settled on a list of questions I would ask myself for each problem as it arose. I found that asking these questions, in order, helped me make the best decision possible:
>
> 1. Is this really a problem?
> 2. Does the problem need to be solved?

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## Python 3

> Python 3.0 was released on December 3, 2008. And it took the better part of a decade for the community to embrace it. **This should be universally recognized as a failure.** While hindsight is 20/20, many of the issues with Python 3 were obvious at the time and could have been mitigated had the language maintainers been more accommodating - and dare I say empathetic - to its users.
> [en] Python 3.0 was released on December 3, 2008. And it took the better part of a decade for the community to embrace it. **This should be universally recognized as a failure.** While hindsight is 20/20, many of the issues with Python 3 were obvious at the time and could have been mitigated had the language maintainers been more accommodating - and dare I say empathetic - to its users.
>
> <cite>*[Mercurial’s Journey to and Reflections on Python 3](https://gregoryszorc.com/blog/2020/01/13/mercurial%27s-journey-to-and-reflections-on-python-3/)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/67c8c54b07137bcfc0069fccd8261b53/))</cite>


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## RSS readers

> I think it would be reasonable to guess that the number of people who use an RSS reader is probably greater than a million, and could be several million people.
> [en] I think it would be reasonable to guess that the number of people who use an RSS reader is probably greater than a million, and could be several million people.
>
> <cite>*[Estimating NetNewsWire for iOS Demand](https://inessential.com/2020/01/03/estimating_netnewswire_for_ios_demand)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/ceecad22409cbd161b85bf5f18b09413/))</cite>


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## Recul

> And I thought with a pang of how I was always hurrying him – to get dressed, to get out the door for school, to finish his dinner, to get ready for bed – and of how heedlessly ==I was inflicting upon him my own anxious awareness of time as an oppressive force==. How before he knew where he was, his own childhood would have receded into the past, and he too would be out of the secret level of childhood and into the laterally scrolling world of adulthood.
> [en] And I thought with a pang of how I was always hurrying him – to get dressed, to get out the door for school, to finish his dinner, to get ready for bed – and of how heedlessly ==I was inflicting upon him my own anxious awareness of time as an oppressive force==. How before he knew where he was, his own childhood would have receded into the past, and he too would be out of the secret level of childhood and into the laterally scrolling world of adulthood.
>
> <cite>*[Splendid isolation: how I stopped time by sitting in a forest for 24 hours](https://www.theguardian.com/news/2020/jan/24/wilderness-solo-splendid-isolation-stopped-time-sitting-in-a-forest-24-hours)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/3fc386b9b57aa937db0a1883502b9ab8/))</cite>


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## Remote

> This also isn’t a time to try to simulate the office. Working from home is not working from the office. Working remotely is not working locally. Don’t try to make one the other. If you have meetings all day at the office, don’t simply simulate those meetings via video. This is an opportunity *not* to have those meetings. Write it up instead, disseminate the information that way. Let people absorb it on their own time. Protect their time and attention. [Improve the way you communicate.](https://basecamp.com/guides/how-we-communicate)
> [en] This also isn’t a time to try to simulate the office. Working from home is not working from the office. Working remotely is not working locally. Don’t try to make one the other. If you have meetings all day at the office, don’t simply simulate those meetings via video. This is an opportunity *not* to have those meetings. Write it up instead, disseminate the information that way. Let people absorb it on their own time. Protect their time and attention. [Improve the way you communicate.](https://basecamp.com/guides/how-we-communicate)
>
> Ultimately this major upheaval is an *opportunity*. This is a chance for your company, your teams, and individuals to learn a new skill. ==Working remotely is a skill.== When this is all over, everyone should have a new skill.
>

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## Rich will win

> Most of the time, when a system is truly open, it’s open to being taken over by the powerful and the rich. The rest of us will never have the resources to protect the commons so any time the playing field is even, the rich will win.
> [en] Most of the time, when a system is truly open, it’s open to being taken over by the powerful and the rich. The rest of us will never have the resources to protect the commons so any time the playing field is even, the rich will win.
>
> <cite>*[Thinking about the past, present, and future of web development](https://www.baldurbjarnason.com/past-present-future-web/)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/17aa5580eb34f39f214e4a72458c535e/))</cite>


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## Structureless

> Contrary to what we would like to believe, there is no such thing as a structureless group. Any group of people of whatever nature that comes together for any length of time for any purpose will inevitably structure itself in some fashion. The structure may be flexible; it may vary over time; it may evenly or unevenly distribute tasks, power and resources over the members of the group. But it will be formed regardless of the abilities, personalities, or intentions of the people involved.
> [en] Contrary to what we would like to believe, there is no such thing as a structureless group. Any group of people of whatever nature that comes together for any length of time for any purpose will inevitably structure itself in some fashion. The structure may be flexible; it may vary over time; it may evenly or unevenly distribute tasks, power and resources over the members of the group. But it will be formed regardless of the abilities, personalities, or intentions of the people involved.
>
> <cite>*[The Tyranny of Stuctureless](https://www.jofreeman.com/joreen/tyranny.htm)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/542585b2d85213911f91b498a643e010/))</cite>


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## Surprise

> What hasn’t been clear until recently is how Google is using the Chrome web browser to track individuals, even when ad blocking and in-built tracking prevention is enabled.
> [en] What hasn’t been clear until recently is how Google is using the Chrome web browser to track individuals, even when ad blocking and in-built tracking prevention is enabled.
>
> <cite>*[“Hey Google, stop tracking me”](https://www.magiclasso.co/insights/hey-google/)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/9a3fecdca72af16f1403b9e77b6e8e04/))</cite>


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## Techbro

> The prodigal tech bro doesn’t so much take an off-ramp from the relatively high status and well-paid job he left when the scales fell from his eyes, as zoom up an on-ramp into a new sector that accepts the reputational currency he has accumulated. ==He’s not joining the resistance.== He’s launching a new kind of start-up using his industry contacts for seed-funding in return for some reputation-laundering.
> [en] The prodigal tech bro doesn’t so much take an off-ramp from the relatively high status and well-paid job he left when the scales fell from his eyes, as zoom up an on-ramp into a new sector that accepts the reputational currency he has accumulated. ==He’s not joining the resistance.== He’s launching a new kind of start-up using his industry contacts for seed-funding in return for some reputation-laundering.
>
> <cite>*[The Prodigal Techbro](https://conversationalist.org/2020/03/05/the-prodigal-techbro/)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/4bda6c744ffb55c0fc4f4bf1f740b4e3/))</cite>


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## Topia

> It’s true that we’re not going to get utopia. The planet has already warmed by one degree Celsius. Most of the coral reefs are going to die, and many of the glaciers will melt. Climate change is here, leaving grubby human fingerprints on parched, burned, flooded and melted landscapes. But we don’t have to settle for dystopia. It’s going to be worse, but it doesn’t have to be bleak. We can have a “topia,” an ordinary future where we go about ordinary lives in cities on stilts, missing what we’ve lost but looking forward to better things. There is light in the future that doesn’t come from burning.
> [en] It’s true that we’re not going to get utopia. The planet has already warmed by one degree Celsius. Most of the coral reefs are going to die, and many of the glaciers will melt. Climate change is here, leaving grubby human fingerprints on parched, burned, flooded and melted landscapes. But we don’t have to settle for dystopia. It’s going to be worse, but it doesn’t have to be bleak. We can have a “topia,” an ordinary future where we go about ordinary lives in cities on stilts, missing what we’ve lost but looking forward to better things. There is light in the future that doesn’t come from burning.
>
> <cite>*[Thinking about Climate on a Dark, Dismal Morning](https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/hot-planet/thinking-about-climate-on-a-dark-dismal-morning/)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/c1c53ee2ef8544ad798629bf8a3b7249/))</cite>


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## Tracking

> But let’s think for a moment what is actually necessary to achieve our goal: it turns out we could largely achieve what we want without a centralized infrastructure. […]
> [en] But let’s think for a moment what is actually necessary to achieve our goal: it turns out we could largely achieve what we want without a centralized infrastructure. […]
>
> Either way the central authority would not know who you are. Your only point of contact would be when you become a covid case. Most importantly ==this system could be created in a way where it’s completely useless for tracking people== but still be useful for contact tracing.
>

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## Unlocking the commons

> I call this “unlocking the commons,” and it’s the same approach I’ve taken with my Patreon and newsletter. Fans support the person and the work. But it’s not a transaction, a fee for service. ==It’s a contribution that benefits everyone.== Free-riders aren’t just welcome; free-riding is the *point*. This, I think, is key to understanding the psychology of patronage. […]
> [en] I call this “unlocking the commons,” and it’s the same approach I’ve taken with my Patreon and newsletter. Fans support the person and the work. But it’s not a transaction, a fee for service. ==It’s a contribution that benefits everyone.== Free-riders aren’t just welcome; free-riding is the *point*. This, I think, is key to understanding the psychology of patronage. […]
>
> This is one of the weird things about patronage. As a consumer, your first thought is to your own benefit. As a patron, it’s to the good of your beneficiary. Likewise, as an artisan supported by patronage, you tend to think more about what’s best for your patrons and audience than you do yourself. […]
>

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## Webmasters

> For better or worse, I am a document lover. All of my best intentions to try new digital tools eventually devolve to their most stable ur-forms of text files and spreadsheets. I think back to what hooked me on the web in 1996—our expectations are so often defined by our first loves. The primitive parts of me will always want websites to be editable documents with legible, marked up text on servers. ==I began making websites when mastery seemed so possible that people called themselves “webmasters.”== Those expectations are laughable now.
> [en] For better or worse, I am a document lover. All of my best intentions to try new digital tools eventually devolve to their most stable ur-forms of text files and spreadsheets. I think back to what hooked me on the web in 1996—our expectations are so often defined by our first loves. The primitive parts of me will always want websites to be editable documents with legible, marked up text on servers. ==I began making websites when mastery seemed so possible that people called themselves “webmasters.”== Those expectations are laughable now.
>
> <cite>*[Redesign: Wants and Needs](https://frankchimero.com/blog/2020/wants-and-needs/)* ([cache](/david/cache/2020/3006691afcf79e8a0fa83b2f0f64e91a/))</cite>


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## Hire good writers

> If you are trying to decide between a few people to fill a position, always hire the better writer. It doesn’t matter if that person is a designer, programmer, marketer, salesperson, or whatever, the writing skills will pay off. Effective, concise writing and editing leads to effective, concise code, design, emails, instant messages, and more.
> [en] If you are trying to decide between a few people to fill a position, always hire the better writer. It doesn’t matter if that person is a designer, programmer, marketer, salesperson, or whatever, the writing skills will pay off. Effective, concise writing and editing leads to effective, concise code, design, emails, instant messages, and more.
>
> ==That’s because being a good writer is about more than words.== Good writers know how to communicate. They make things easy to understand. They can put themselves in someone else’s shoes. They know what to omit. They think clearly. And those are the qualities you need.
>

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## Writing > *

> Writing solidifies, chat dissolves. Substantial decisions start and end with an exchange of complete thoughts, not one-line-at-a-time jousts. If it's important, critical, or fundamental, write it up, don't chat it down.
> [en] Writing solidifies, chat dissolves. Substantial decisions start and end with an exchange of complete thoughts, not one-line-at-a-time jousts. If it's important, critical, or fundamental, write it up, don't chat it down.
>
> […]
>
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De l’importance de l’écriture dans une organisation. Une culture asynchrone et distribuée ne peut pas passer par l’oralité uniquement. Les personnes localisées au même endroit ont du mal à se rendre compte de ce problème. À part peut-être lors du départ d’un·e collègue, ce qui est déjà trop tard.

> Speaking only helps who’s in the room, writing helps everyone. This includes people who's couldn't make it, or future employees who join years from now.
> [en] Speaking only helps who’s in the room, writing helps everyone. This includes people who's couldn't make it, or future employees who join years from now.
>
> <cite>*Ibid.*</cite>


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