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  12. <title>Currying in CSS? (archive) — David Larlet</title>
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  56. <article>
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  58. <h1>Currying in CSS?</h1>
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  62. <a href="/david/" title="Aller à l’accueil">🏠</a> •
  63. <a href="https://www.trysmudford.com/blog/currying-in-css/" title="Lien vers le contenu original">Source originale</a>
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  68. <p>There were lots of interesting discoveries found whilst developing <a href="https://utopia.fyi/">Utopia</a>. This one came when declaring CSS custom properties.</p>
  69. <p>Taking a card as an example, one would often start off with some CSS like this:</p>
  70. <div class="highlight"><pre class="chroma"><code class="language-css" data-lang="css"><span class="p">.</span><span class="nc">card</span> <span class="p">{</span>
  71. <span class="k">padding</span><span class="p">:</span> <span class="mi">40</span><span class="kt">px</span><span class="p">;</span>
  72. <span class="k">background</span><span class="p">:</span> <span class="mh">#FAFAFA</span><span class="p">;</span>
  73. <span class="p">}</span></code></pre></div>
  74. <p>Then extract the values out for re-use across the website:</p>
  75. <div class="highlight"><pre class="chroma"><code class="language-css" data-lang="css"><span class="p">:</span><span class="nd">root</span> <span class="p">{</span>
  76. <span class="nv">--card-padding</span><span class="p">:</span> <span class="mi">40</span><span class="kt">px</span><span class="p">;</span>
  77. <span class="nv">--card-background</span><span class="p">:</span> <span class="mh">#FAFAFA</span><span class="p">;</span>
  78. <span class="p">}</span>
  79. <span class="p">.</span><span class="nc">card</span> <span class="p">{</span>
  80. <span class="k">padding</span><span class="p">:</span> <span class="nf">var</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="o">--</span><span class="n">card</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">padding</span><span class="p">);</span>
  81. <span class="k">background</span><span class="p">:</span> <span class="nf">var</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="o">--</span><span class="n">card</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">background</span><span class="p">);</span>
  82. <span class="p">}</span></code></pre></div>
  83. <p>We’ve simply lifted the values out into the <code>:root</code> and replaced them verbatim with their variable counterparts. Nothing contentious to see here.</p>
  84. <p>When working with <a href="https://utopia.fyi/blog/fluid-custom-properties">fluid custom properties</a>, I was desperately trying to refactor the equation to keep it as succinct as possible. It was at this point, I stumbled upon a strange property of custom properties…</p>
  85. <blockquote>
  86. <p>The value after the <code>:</code> in the CSS custom property does not have to be valid CSS.</p>
  87. </blockquote>
  88. <p>It won’t cause any errors, nor invalidate the custom property. It won’t be evaluated in the browser until used, or more specifically, placed in a <code>calc()</code> function.</p>
  89. <h2 id="what-does-this-mean">What does this mean?</h2>
  90. <p>This means we can write concise CSS ‘calculations’ without worrying about wrapping every line in <code>calc()</code>s, and providing its wrapped when we use the property, it will be valid. When you finally run <code>calc()</code>, the browser (appears to) gather all the associated parts of the equation, and run them in one go.</p>
  91. <p>The <code>--f-2</code> declaration below is not ‘valid’ CSS. But when used in the <code>font-size</code> with a <code>calc()</code>, it becomes valid:</p>
  92. <div class="highlight"><pre class="chroma"><code class="language-css" data-lang="css"><span class="p">:</span><span class="nd">root</span> <span class="p">{</span>
  93. <span class="nv">--f-2</span><span class="p">:</span> <span class="p">((</span><span class="mi">2</span> <span class="o">/</span> <span class="mi">16</span> <span class="o">-</span> <span class="nf">var</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="o">--</span><span class="n">f</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">foot</span><span class="p">))</span> <span class="o">*</span> <span class="nf">var</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="o">--</span><span class="n">f</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">hill</span><span class="p">));</span>
  94. <span class="p">}</span>
  95. <span class="nt">body</span> <span class="p">{</span>
  96. <span class="k">font-size</span><span class="p">:</span> <span class="nb">calc</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="nf">var</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="o">--</span><span class="n">f</span><span class="mi">-2</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="o">*</span> <span class="mi">16</span><span class="p">);</span>
  97. <span class="p">}</span></code></pre></div>
  98. <h2 id="so-what">So what?</h2>
  99. <p>To me, this feels much like the two distinct actions of:</p>
  100. <ol>
  101. <li>Defining a function</li>
  102. <li>Calling that function</li>
  103. </ol>
  104. <p>Which is kind of cool. I don’t know whether there’s more here, but I feel like there probably is.</p>
  105. <p>Some way of currying in CSS, perhaps? I’ve likened currying to <a href="https://www.trysmudford.com/blog/pedalboard/#closures-and-currying">priming ‘code grenades’</a>, then calling them later? Who knows, I’m definitely gonna keep digging to find out.</p>
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